The Effect of Listener Experience and Anchors on Judgments of Dysphonia

Eadie, Tanya L.; Kapsner-Smith, Mara
April 2011
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2011, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p430
Academic Journal
Purpose: To determine the effect of auditory anchors on judgments of overall severity (OS) and vocal effort (VE) in dysphonic speech when judgments are made by experienced and inexperienced listeners, and when self-rated by individuals with dysphonia (speaker-listeners). Method: Twenty individuals with dysphonia and 4 normal controls provided speech recordings. Speaker-listeners judged their own speech samples for OS and VE without auditory anchors, and then in the presence of anchors, using 100-mm visual analog scales (VAS). Twenty inexperienced and 10 experienced listeners evaluated the same speech samples for OS and VE in similar rating conditions. Twenty inexperienced listeners also made judgments of the speech samples solely in anchored conditions. Results: All listeners judged the speech samples as significantly less severe and effortful in the anchored conditions. No significant effects of anchors or experience were found for intrarater agreement within 7.14 mm on the VAS. Both inexperienced and experienced listeners were significantly less variable and showed improved interrater agreement in the anchored conditions. Anchors significantly improved agreement across groups of listeners, particularly between inexperienced and speaker-listeners. Conclusion: Listeners systematically shift judgments of voice quality in response to auditory anchors. Anchors reduce interrater variability and may improve agreement across some types of listeners.


Related Articles

  • The Relationship Between Perception of Vocal Effort and Relative Fundamental Frequency During Voicing Offset and Onset. Stepp, Cara E.; Sawin, Devon E.; Smith, Anne; Awan, Shaheen; Eadie, Tanya L. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2012, Vol. 55 Issue 6, p1887 

    Purpose: In this study, the authors aimed to determine the relationship between relative fundamental frequency (RFF) and listener perception of vocal effort in individuals with varying degrees of vocal hyperfunction. Method: Thirty women diagnosed with voice disorders commonly associated with...

  • Spectral-Cepstral Estimation of Dysphonia Severity: External Validation. Awan, Shaheen N.; Solomon, Nancy Pearl; Helou, Leah B.; Stojadinovic, Alexander // Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology;Jan2013, Vol. 122 Issue 1, p40 

    Objectives: The current study applied an acoustic algorithm incorporating measures from cepstral and spectral analyses, the Cepstral Spectral Index of Dysphonia (CSID), in an attempt to externally validate the CSID as an acoustic estimate of dysphonia severity. Methods: Correlation (Pearson's r)...

  • Measuring Goodness of Story Narratives. Lê, Karen; Coelho, Carl; Mozeiko, Jennifer; Grafman, Jordan // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2011, Vol. 54 Issue 1, p118 

    Purpose: The purpose of this article was to evaluate a new measure of story narrative performance: story completeness. It was hypothesized that by combining organizational (story grammar) and completeness measures, story "goodness" could be quantified. Method: Discourse samples from 46 typically...

  • Psychometrics of the Wrist Stability and Hand Mobility Subscales of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment in Moderately Impaired Stroke. Page, Stephen J.; Hade, Erinn; Persch, Andrew // Physical Therapy;Jan2015, Vol. 95 Issue 1, p103 

    Background. There remains a need for a quickly administered, stroke-specific, bedside measure of active wrist and finger movement for the expanding stroke population. The wrist stability and hand mobility scales of the upper extremity Fugl-Meyer Assessment (w/h UE FM) constitute a valid,...

  • Association between nail-fold capillary findings and disease activity in dermatomyositis. Mugii, Naoki; Hasegawa, Minoru; Matsushita, Takashi; Hamaguchi, Yasuhito; Horie, Sho; Yahata, Tetsutarou; Inoue, Katsumi; Someya, Fujiko; Fujimoto, Manabu; Takehara, Kazuhiko // Rheumatology;Jun2011, Vol. 50 Issue 6, p1091 

    Objective. Although findings of nail-fold capillary changes and reduced red blood cell velocity in SSc patients are well established, studies in adult-onset DM patients are scarce. Our objective was to assess the changes and red blood cell velocity in finger nail-fold capillaries using nail-fold...

  • The Concept of Sasang Health Index and Constitution-Based Health Assessment: An Integrative Model with Computerized Four Diagnosis Methods. Kim, Jaeuk U.; Boncho Ku; Young-Min Kim; Jun-Hyeong Do; Jun-Su Jang; Eunsu Jang; Young Ju Jeon; Keun Ho Kim; Jong Yeol Kim // Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine (eCAM);2013, Vol. 2013, p1 

    Sasang constitutional medicine (SCM) shares its philosophy with that of personalized medicine: it provides constitution-specific treatment and healthcare individualized for each patient. In this work, we propose the concept of the Sasang Health Index (SHI) as an attempt to assess the...

  • TEST-RETEST RELIABILITY OF ARM VOLUME MEASUREMENT IN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER-RELATED LYMPHOEDEMA. Katz-Leurer, Michal; Bracha, Jillian // Journal of Lymphoedema;Dec2012, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p8 

    Background: Arm volume is frequently calculated using arm circumference measurements in a formula for frustum (truncated cone) volume. The circumferences divide the arm into segments. Summed segment volumes provide limb volume. To determine the test-retest reliability of segment volume and...

  • Correlation Between Trochlear Groove Depth and Patellar Position During Open and Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises in Subjects With Anterior Knee Pain. Ramiro Felicio, Lílian; Camargo Saad, Marcelo; Ferreira Liporaci, Rogério; Do Prado Baffa, Augusto; Carlos Dos Santos, Antônio; Bevilaqua-grossi, Débora // Journal of Applied Biomechanics;Jul2012, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p335 

    The purpose of this study was to correlate the trochlear shape and patellar tilt angle and lateral patellar displacement at rest and maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) exercises during open (OKC) and closed kinetic chain (CKC) in subjects with and without anterior knee pain. Subjects...

  • Monitoring My Multiple Sclerosis: A Patient-Administered Health-Assessment Scale. Gulick, Elsie E.; Namey, Marie; Halper, June // International Journal of MS Care;Sep2011, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p137 

    Optimal health of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) can be promoted by patients' sharing of health information gained through periodic self-monitoring with their health-care providers. The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable self-administered scale to obtain information...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics