An Acoustic Study of the Relationships Among Neurologic Disease, Dysarthria Type, and Severity of Dysarthria

Kim, Yunjung; Kent, Raymond D.; Weismer, Gary
April 2011
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2011, Vol. 54 Issue 2, p417
Academic Journal
Purpose: This study examined acoustic predictors of speech intelligibility in speakers with several types of dysarthria secondary to different diseases and conducted classification analysis solely by acoustic measures according to 3 variables (disease, speech severity, and dysarthria type). Method: Speech recordings from 107 speakers with dysarthria due to Parkinson's disease, stroke, traumatic brain injury, and multiple system atrophy were used for acoustic analysis and for perceptual judgment of speech intelligibility. Acoustic analysis included 8 segmental/suprasegmental features: 2nd formant frequency slope, articulation rate, voiceless interval duration, 1st moment analysis for fricatives, vowel space, F0, intensity range, and Pairwise Variability Index. Results: The results showed that (a) acoustic predictors of speech intelligibility differed slightly across diseases and (b) classification accuracy by dysarthria type was typically worse than by disease type or severity. Conclusions: These findings were discussed with respect to (a) the relationship between acoustic characteristics and speech intelligibility and (b) dysarthria classification.


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