Particle energy determination device for the International Space Station using a new approach to cosmic ray spectral measurements (TUS-M Mission)

Adams, J.; Bashindzhagyan, G.; Chilingarian, A.; Drury, L.; Egorov, N.; Golubkov, S.; Korotkova, N.; Panasyuk, M.; Podorozhnyi, D.; Procqureur, J.; Roganova, T.; Saavedra, O.; Sidorov, A.; Simon, M.; Sveshnikova, L.; Thompson, A.; Turundaevsky, A.; Yashin, I.
January 2000
AIP Conference Proceedings;2000, Vol. 504 Issue 1, p175
Academic Journal
A new approach to the measurement of high energy cosmic ray nuclei (E>10[sup 11] eV) is proposed. The method is based on measuring the primary particle energy by determining the angular distribution of secondaries produced in a target layer. The proposed technique can be used over a wide range of energies (10[sup 11]–10[sup 16] eV) and gives an energy resolution of 60% or better. This approach is being utilized to design a new advanced instrument (KLEM) for future space station and satellite cosmic ray experiments. Due to its light weight and large aperture the newly developed instrument will allow a dramatically increased exposure factor and will enable the directly measured energy range in cosmic ray research to be extended up to and beyond 10[sup 16] eV. A reduced scale version of this new instrument (project TUS-M) has already been accepted for exposure in the Russian Segment of the International Space Station. The essence of the TUS-M project is to test and confirm the new technique under flight conditions. During a one-year test exposure TUS-M will be able to measure the energy spectra of primary particles up to 10[sup 14] eV. The full scale instrument, with a three-year exposure has the capacity to address the “knee” problem with a data base including at least 25 particles with E>10[sup 16] eV. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


Related Articles

  • Possible origin and spectrum of ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays. Uryson, A. V. // JETP Letters;5/25/97, Vol. 65 Issue 10, p763 

    The complicated form of the cosmic-ray spectrum recorded in the energy range 10[sup 17]–10[sup 20] eV by giant detector arrays is analyzed. It is shown that the spectrum in the region 10[sup 18]–10[sup 19] eV is apparently identical to the injection spectrum with power-law exponent...

  • Ultra high energy cosmic rays: The Pierre Auger Observatory. Cronin, James W. // AIP Conference Proceedings;2001, Vol. 566 Issue 1, p1 

    The evidence for the existence of cosmic rays with energies in excess of 10[sup 20] eV is now overwhelming. There is so far no indication of the GZK cutoff in the energy spectrum at 5x 10[sup 19] eV. This conclusion is not firm for lack of statistics. A cutoff would be expected if the sources of...

  • On the correlation between spectra of solar microwave bursts and proton fluxes near the Earth. Chertok, I. M.; Grechnev, V. V.; Meshalkina, N. S. // Astronomy Reports;Nov2009, Vol. 53 Issue 11, p1059 

    Studies of the extreme solar proton event of January 20, 2005 intensified the contest over of a long-standing problem: are solar cosmic rays arriving at the Earth accelerated by solar flares or by shocks preceding rapidly moving coronal mass ejections? Among the most important questions is the...

  • Model of cosmic ray generation. Vlasov, V. P.; Trubnikov, B. A.; Zhdanov, S. K. // Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Physics;Feb97, Vol. 84 Issue 2, p211 

    It is shown that the two bends observed in the cosmic ray energy spectrum can be well approximated by equations derived by assuming that cosmic rays can be generated and accelerated in plasma pinches.

  • The diffusive galactic GeV/TeV ramma-ray background: Sources vs. transport. Vo¨lk, Heinrich J. // AIP Conference Proceedings;2000, Vol. 515 Issue 1, p281 

    The diffuse Galactic γ-ray background, as observed with EGRET on CGRO, exceeds the model predictions significantly above 1 GeV. This is particularly true for the inner Galaxy. We shall discuss here the contribution of the Galactic Cosmic Ray (GCR) sources, considered as unresolved, and in...

  • Characterization of the radiation environment by Liulin-type spectrometers. Dachev, Ts.; Spurny, F.; Ploc, O. // Radiation Protection Dosimetry;Mar2011, Vol. 144 Issue 1-4, p680 

    Liulin-type spectrometers can characterise the type of predominant particles and their energy in the radiation environment. The results from calibrations and space and aircraft experiments revealed that the most informative is by the shape of the deposited energy spectrum. Spectra generated by...

  • Theoretical investigation of cosmic ray processing of solar system ices. Yeghikyan, A. G. // Astrophysics & Space Sciences Transactions (ASTRA);Nov2008, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p47 

    Space ices containing water, carbon- and nitrogenrich structures are important in certain chemical and radiation induced processes in Solar System dust systems. Up to now there are no detailed investigations on an energetic particle processing of various ices by ions and electrons, modeling the...

  • The Spectrum of Solar Cosmic Rays: Data of Observations and Numerical Simulation. Balabin, Yu. V.; Vashenyuk, É. V.; Mingalev, O. V.; Podgorny, A. I.; Podgorny, I. M. // Astronomy Reports;Oct2005, Vol. 49 Issue 10, p837 

    Analysis of the relativistic proton spectra of solar flares occurring in the 23rd solar activity cycle derived from data of a worldwide neutron monitor network and numerical modeling both provide evidence for the acceleration of charged particles by an electric field that arises in coronal...

  • Dependence of the Position of the Knee in the Galactic Cosmic Ray Spectrum on the Explosion Energy Distribution of Supernovae. Sveshnikova, L. G. // Astronomy Letters;Jan2004, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p41 

    The position of the knee in the Galactic cosmic ray (GCR) spectrum is shown to depend on the explosion energy distribution function of supernovae (SN). The position of the knee in the GCR spectrum can be quantitatively explained by the dominating contribution of hypernovae with explosion...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics