Diagnostic performance of 320-detector CT coronary angiography in patients with atrial fibrillation: preliminary results

Lei Xu; Lin Yang; Zhanming Fan; Wei Yu; Biao Lv; Zhaoqi Zhang
May 2011
European Radiology;May2011, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p936
Academic Journal
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility, diagnostic accuracy, and radiation dose of CT coronary angiography (CTCA) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) using 320-detector CT. Methods: Thirty-seven patients with persistent AF and suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) were enrolled. All patients underwent both 320-detector CTCA and conventional coronary angiography (CCA). CT image quality and the presence of significant (≥50%) stenosis were evaluated by two radiologists blinded to the results of CCA. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated using CCA as the reference standard. Differences in detection of coronary artery stenosis between 320-detector CTCA and CCA were evaluated with McNemar's test. Patient radiation dose was calculated by multiplying dose length product by conversion coefficient of 0.017. Results: In total 474 evaluated coronary segments, 459 (96.8%) segments were diagnostically evaluable. On per-segment analysis, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were 90.0% (18 of 20), 99.3% (436 of 439), 85.7% (18 of 21) and 99.5% (436 of 438). No significant difference was found between 320-detector CTCA and CCA on the detection of significant stenosis ( P = 1.000). Effective doses of 320-detector CTCA was 13.0 ± 4.7 mSv. Conclusion: 320-detector CTCA is feasible and accurate in excluding CAD in patients with AF.


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