Alcohol abstinence and drinking among African women: data from the World Health Surveys

Martinez, Priscilla; Røislien, Jo; Naidoo, Nirmala; Clausen, Thomas
January 2011
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p160
Academic Journal
Background: Alcohol use is increasing among women in Africa, and comparable information about women's current alcohol use is needed to inform national and international health policies relevant to the entire population. This study aimed to provide a comparative description of alcohol use among women across 20 African countries. Methods: Data were collected as part of the WHO World Health Survey using standardized questionnaires. In total, 40,739 adult women were included in the present study. Alcohol measures included lifetime abstinence, current use (=1 drink in previous week), heavy drinking (15+ drinks in the previous week) and risky single-occasion drinking (5+ drinks on at least one day in the previous week). Country-specific descriptives of alcohol use were calculated, and K-means clustering was performed to identify countries with similar characteristics. Multiple logistic regression models were fitted for each country to identify factors associated with drinking status. Results: A total of 33,841 (81%) African women reported lifetime abstinence. Current use ranged from 1% in Malawi to 30% in Burkina Faso. Among current drinkers, heavy drinking varied between 4% in Ghana to 41% in Chad, and risky single-occasion drinking ranged from <1% in Mauritius to 58% in Chad. Increasing age was associated with increased odds of being a current drinker in about half of the countries. Conclusions: A variety of drinking patterns are present among African women with lifetime abstention the most common. Countries with hazardous consumption patterns require serious attention to mitigate alcohol-related harm. Some similarities in factors related to alcohol use can be identified between different African countries, although these are limited and highlight the contextual diversity of female drinking in Africa.


Related Articles

  • Under-18s in alcohol epidemic.  // Therapy Today;Jul2008, Vol. 19 Issue 6, p11 

    This article reports on the prevalence of alcohol dependence among people under 18 in Great Britain. Figures show that 38 percent of men and 16 percent of women can be classed according to World Health Organization standards as having an alcohol use disorder. The figures also reveal that the...

  • Track D5: Child and adolescent lifestyle programmes.  // European Journal of Public Health;Feb2006 Supplement 1, Vol. 16, p75 

    The article offers information on child and adolescent lifestyle programs in the European Union (EU). A program coordinated by the World Health Organization and the EU called the Cross-National Study on Health Behavior in School-Aged Children was designed as the first ever national health survey...

  • Trends in drinking habits among adolescents in the Baltic countries over the period of transition: HBSC survey results, 1993-2002. Zaborskis, Apolinaras; Sumskas, Linas; Maser, Mai; Pudule, Iveta // BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p67 

    Background: The Baltic countries - Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania - are considered to be an example of regional homogeneity over the period of transition. The World Health Organization cross-national study on Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) allows a comparison and time trends...

  • Exploring knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to alcohol in Mongolia: a national population-based survey. Demaio, Alessandro R.; Dugee, Otgontuya; de Courten, Maximillian; Bygbjerg, Ib C.; Enkhtuya, Palam; Meyrowitsch, Dan W. // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: The leading cause of mortality in Mongolia is Non-Communicable Disease. Alcohol is recognised by the World Health Organization as one of the four major disease drivers and so, in order to better understand and triangulate recent national burden-of-disease surveys and to inform policy...

  • Prevalence of tobacco use in Eritrea: Results from a noncommunicable disease risk factor survey. Mufunda, Jacob; Debesay, Amanuel; Mosazghi, Asgedom; Nyarango, Peter; Usman, Abdulmumini; Mebrahtu, Goitom; Kosia, Andrew; Equbamichael, Mussie; Yohannes, Emanuel; Ghebrat, Yohannes; Paulos, Estifanos; Rizzo, Sergio; Masjuan, Myra; Gebremichael, Andemariam // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Jul2007, Vol. 9 Issue 7, p777 

    The prevalence of noncommunicable diseases in Eritrea is increasing. Tobacco use is a recognized risk factor for most of these diseases, especially cardiovascular disease. No data have been published on tobacco use in Eritrea. The present study sought to establish the prevalence of tobacco...

  • PREGNANT WOMEN CAN DRINK? REALLY?  // Redbook;Jan2011, Vol. 216 Issue 1, p65 

    The article provides an answer to a question of whether drinking alcoholic beverage is harmful for pregnant women.

  • Come on, girls, give cask ale a chance. Wigham, Paul // Morning Advertiser;1/27/2011, Issue 525, p7 

    The article focuses on the argument on what would make women start to drink cask ale, which aims to get them to try it and market to product in proper glassware in Great Britain.

  • BEER HAUL.  // NZ Marketing Magazine;Mar/Apr2010, p104 

    The article focuses on the draft global alcohol strategy of the World Health Organisation (WHO), in an effort to reduce the harmful consumption of alcoholic beverages, which could affect New Zealand marketers.

  • Abstention and illegal alcohol, all in a day's work. Wilmore, James // Aroq - Just-Drinks.com (Global News);5/17/2014, p15 

    A reprint of the article "Abstention and Illegal Alcohol, All in a Day's Work" by James Wilmore, published in just-drinks.com on May 16, 2014, is presented, which focuses on the World Health Organization's report on alcohol in 2014.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics