Self-focusing of cosh-Gaussian laser beam in a plasma with weakly relativistic and ponderomotive regime

Gill, Tarsem Singh; Mahajan, Ranju; Kaur, Ravinder
March 2011
Physics of Plasmas;Mar2011, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p033110
Academic Journal
This paper presents an investigation of the self-focusing of cosh-Gaussian laser beam in a plasma with linear absorption taking into account the combined effects of relativistic and ponderomotive type nonlinearities. Nonlinear parabolic partial differential equation governing the evolution of complex envelope in slowly varying envelope approximation is solved using variational approach. Self-focusing and self-phase modulation as well as self-trapping of cosh-Gaussian beam are studied at various values of decentered parameter b, with different absorption levels ki′. Numerical analysis shows that these parameters play vital role on propagation characteristics.


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