Defining disease, segregating race: Sir Raphael Cilento, Aboriginal health and leprosy management in twentieth century Queensland

Parsons, Meg
January 2010
Aboriginal History;2010, Vol. 34, p85
Academic Journal
The article discusses management strategies for treating leprosy among Aboriginal Australians in Queensland, Australia in the mid-twentieth century. It focuses on the policies of the Australian government and of doctor Sir Raphael Cilento, the Australian Director of Tropical Hygiene and Chief Quarantine Officer for the Commonwealth Health Department in the 1930s. The author notes Cilento's role in establishing Fantome Island leprosarium and analyzes his views on racial segregation and racial differences in health. She also explores care provided to patients by nuns of the Our Lady Help of Christians (OLHC) institute.


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