TITLE

Drug formulations that require less than 0.1 mL of stock solution to prepare doses for infants and children

AUTHOR(S)
Uppal, Navjeet; Yasseen, Baseer; Seto, Winnie; Parshuram, Christopher S.
PUB. DATE
March 2011
SOURCE
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;3/8/2011, Vol. 183 Issue 4, pE246
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Intravenous doses of medications require formulations that permit accurate preparation and administration. Current equipment does not permit accurate measurement of volumes less than 0.1 mL. In a study of four hypothetical standard pediatric patients, we found that 28 common medications required less than 0.1 mL of available formulation to prepare the dose. In a clinical study of actual use in a pediatric intensive care unit (ICU), 5245 (7.4%) of 71 218 intravenous doses required preparation from less than 0.1 mL of stock solution. For 28.5% of the 1531 ICU admissions, at least one dose was prepared from a volume of less than 0.1 mL. Our findings identify a substantial source of dosing error. Correction will require revision of preparation methods, regulatory requirements and manufacturing practices.
ACCESSION #
59411655

 

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