Hemicallotasis for correction of varus deformity of the proximal tibia using a unilateral external fixator

Chang-Wug Oh; Sung-Jung Kim; Sung-Ki Park; Hee-June Kim; Hee-Soo Kyung; Hwan-Sung Cho; Byung-Chul Park; Joo-Chul Ihn
January 2011
Journal of Orthopaedic Science;Jan2011, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p44
Academic Journal
Background: Gradual correction of varus deformity of the proximal tibia is generally accepted and produces good results. However, most studies have used circular external fixators, which are complex and cause patient discomfort. This study was undertaken to determine the efficacy of hemicallotasis with a unilateral external fixator for correction of varus deformity of the proximal tibia. Methods: Thirteen patients (21 legs, 8 bilateral) were included in this study: 6 with constitutional bowing, 3 with a malunion, 2 with Blount's disease, and 2 with Turner syndrome. There were 7 males and 6 females of mean age 21 years (range 13-40). With an oblique osteotomy on the proximal tibia, a unilateral external fixator was placed on the medial side. Using a distraction of 1 mm/day, the external fixator was removed after consolidation of the callus. Results: Surgery corrected medial proximal tibia angle from a preoperative average of 75.1° (64°-81°) to 88.6° (86°-90°) at final follow-up. Average tibiofemoral angle improved from −7° to 6.8°. The duration of external fixation averaged 101.3 days and the external fixation index was 70 days/cm. No patient had a limited ambulation, and all recovered preoperative range of knee motion (mean 130.1°) at final follow-up. Seven minor complications (pin tract infection, clamp loosening) and 1 major complication (uncorrected genu procurvatum) were observed. Conclusions: Hemicallotasis using a unilateral external fixator was found to be a safe and simple corrective procedure for varus deformity of the proximal tibia, with few complications.


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