TITLE

Thermostability in endoglucanases is fold-specific

AUTHOR(S)
Yennamalli, Ragothaman M.; Rader, Andrew J.; Wolt, Jeffrey D.; Sen, Taner Z.
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Structural Biology;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p10
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Endoglucanases are usually considered to be synergistically involved in the initial stages of cellulose breakdown-an essential step in the bioprocessing of lignocellulosic plant materials into bioethanol. Despite their economic importance, we currently lack a basic understanding of how some endoglucanases can sustain their ability to function at elevated temperatures required for bioprocessing, while others cannot. In this study, we present a detailed comparative analysis of both thermophilic and mesophilic endoglucanases in order to gain insights into origins of thermostability. We analyzed the sequences and structures for sets of endoglucanase proteins drawn from the Carbohydrate-Active enZymes (CAZy) database. Results: Our results demonstrate that thermophilic endoglucanases and their mesophilic counterparts differ significantly in their amino acid compositions. Strikingly, these compositional differences are specific to protein folds and enzyme families, and lead to differences in intramolecular interactions in a fold-dependent fashion. Conclusions: Here, we provide fold-specific guidelines to control thermostability in endoglucanases that will aid in making production of biofuels from plant biomass more efficient.
ACCESSION #
59185377

 

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