TITLE

Energy and Environmental Issues in Transport Sector

AUTHOR(S)
Alipour, S.; Karbassi, A. R.; Abbaspour, M.; Saffarzadeh, M.; Moharamnejad, N.
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
International Journal of Environmental Research;Winter2011, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p213
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Nowadays, transportation sector consumes about 27 percent of the whole energy in Iran. Therefore, after domestic and business sectors which consume about 40 percent of the whole energy, transportation is placed in the second rank. However, the financial value of transportation is of the highest importance. Moreover, having S5percent of gasoline product consumption transportation has been also ranked as the largest consumer of gasoline products. Gasoline consumption in transport showed an increase until 1979. During 1980-1981, it decreased slightly and from 1982 have had a permanent upward trend. Oil products consumption in transport sector in 1950 has been less than average 15 million barrels (equivalent to crude oil) per year. In 1990, the above amount was approximately 140 million barrels per year, while in 2000; this amount was 20.7 times more than 1960s. Gasoline consumption in transport sector is about 98percent of the whole gasoline consumption in Iran. Since gasoline burning vehicles are consuming nearly all gasoline supply in the country; thereafter vehicle number is a determining factor in estimation of gasoline consumption. Investigations showed that the number of gasoline burning vehicles has increased constantly from 1960. The activities of domestic automotive factories have increased since 1970. Excessive demand for personal cars in 1990 and 2000s have caused enormous amount of cost for government to import gasoline and gas oil yearly. Thereupon, the energy management seems to be an inevitable necessity for transport sector. During the past ten years, by increasing car ownership and the moderate prosperity, the ratio of trips from 1.5 million has been reached to almost 15 million travels during the day. This huge number causes many other problems such as consuming about 12 million liters gasoline by vehicles in Tehran. More than 2 million vehicles are traveling in Tehran during a day. Tehran bus system can transfer about 1 billion passengers and the subway system transfers about 200 million passengers annually.
ACCESSION #
59174296

 

Related Articles

  • Public transit ridership hits record in '08.  // New Hampshire Business Review;10/9/2009, Vol. 31 Issue 22, p51 

    The article reports on the amount of gasoline saved by residents by using public transit and by minimizing the use of their cars in New Hampshire in 2008. According to an environmental group, the state saved 545,000 gallons of gasoline in the process. It states that the residents took six...

  • A Dynamic Model for Road Gasoline and Diesel Consumption: An Application for Spanish Regions. González-Marrero, Rosa M.; Lorenzo-Alegría, Rosa M.; Marrero, Gustavo A. // International Journal of Energy Economics & Policy (IJEEP);2012, Vol. 2 Issue 4, p201 

    This paper analyzes the factors explaining the aggregate fuel consumption for road transport in Spain in a dynamic panel data framework. Three features on this study are the use of a balanced panel using regional data, the distinction between gasoline and diesel and the specification of a...

  • Calculating the ROI. Alaimo, Dan // Beverage World;9/15/2013, Vol. 132 Issue 9, p68 

    The article discusses how to calculate the return of investment (ROI) of using clean fuel in freight transportation. According to the author, the payback in clean fuel is dependent on the efficiency of the vehicles and the mileage that a company puts on its regular gasoline fuel truck fleet. The...

  • Lexus plugs performance in its hybrid SUV. Rechtin, Mark // Automotive News;2/14/2005, Vol. 79 Issue 6134, p24 

    This article reports on Lexus RX 400h which is a gasoline-electric hybrid sport wagon with good gasoline mileage. Lexus will pitch the RX 400h as a performance enhancer, with fuel economy as a side benefit. The RX 400h goes from 0 to 60 mph in 7.3 seconds, on par with a Mercedes-Benz ML 500 SUV....

  • Americans drive more but pay less for fuel.  // Automotive Engineer;Sep97, Vol. 22 Issue 7, p6 

    Reports on the results of a survey conducted in the U.S. concluding a decrease in the amount payed by vehicle drivers for fuel consumption inspite of an increase in the number of miles driven by them. Increase in vehicle fuel efficiency; Use of petrol by the Americans; Acknowledgement of the...

  • Gasoline Consumption by Month, 2000 (a).  // National Petroleum News;Mid-Jul2003, Vol. 95 Issue 8, p74 

    Presents a chart depicting the gasoline consumption by month in 2000 in the U.S. INSETS: Gasoline Consumption Trends, 1999-2001;Gasoline Consumption by States, 2001.

  • Preserving gasoline. Rogers, Jim // Countryside & Small Stock Journal;May/Jun98, Vol. 82 Issue 3, p50 

    Presents information on products which can help preserve gasoline. Details on the Sta-bil, a product which is available from the Wal-Mart company; Details on Gas Saver Plus; Contact information.

  • Designing Alternatives to State Motor Fuel Taxes. Rufolo, Anthony M.; Bertini, Robert L. // Transportation Quarterly;Winter2003, Vol. 57 Issue 1, p33 

    All states rely on gasoline taxes as one source of funds for road improvement and maintenance. Historically, gasoline usage has been roughly proportional to road usage for most light vehicles, so the gas tax could be viewed as a user charge. Increasing fuel efficiency and alternative fuel...

  • Gasoline Tax Shaky as Consumption Hits 30-Year Low. Watts, Jim // Bond Buyer;5/5/2015, Vol. 1 Issue 34303, p1 

    Average gasoline consumption falls to a 30-year low, threatening revenues from the main source of state and federal transportation funding.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics