TITLE

Predictors of chronic breathlessness: a large population study

AUTHOR(S)
Bowden, Jacqueline A.; To, Timothy H. M.; Abernethy, Amy P.; Currow, David C.
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p33
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Breathlessness causes significant burden in our community but the underlying socio-demographic and lifestyle factors that may influence it are not well quantified. This study aims to define these predictors of chronic breathlessness at a population level. Methods: Data were collected from adult South Australians in 2007 and 2008 (n = 5331) as part of a face-to-face, cross-sectional, whole-of-population, multi-stage, systematic area sampling population health survey. The main outcome variable was breathlessness in logistic regression models. Lifestyle factors examined included smoking history, smoke-free housing, level of physical activity and body mass index (obesity). Results: The participation rate was 64.1%, and 11.1% of individuals (15.0% if aged ≥50 years) chronically had breathlessness that limited exertion. Significant bivariate associations with chronic breathlessness for the whole population and only those ≥50 included: increasing age; female gender; being separated/divorced/widowed; social disadvantage; smoking status; those without a smoke-free home; low levels of physical activity; and obesity. In multi-variate analyses adjusted for age, marital status (p < 0.001), physical activity (p < 0.001), obesity (p < 0.001), gender (p < 0.05) and social disadvantage (p < 0.05) remained significant factors. Smoking history was not a significant contributor to the model. Conclusions: There is potential benefit in addressing reversible lifestyle causes of breathlessness including high body mass index (obesity) and low levels of physical activity in order to decrease the prevalence of chronic breathlessness. Clinical intervention studies for chronic breathlessness should consider stratification by body mass index.
ACCESSION #
59162458

 

Related Articles

  • Are Dietary Patterns of Mothers during Pregnancy Related to Children's Weight Status? Evidence from the Lifeways Cross-Generational Cohort Study. Murrin, Celine M.; Heinen, Mirjam M.; Kelleher, Cecily C. // AIMS Public Health;2015, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p274 

    Children's diet patterns are likely to be influenced by their mothers' diet pattern. The primary objective of this study was to examine whether children's adiposity could be influenced by diet patterns of mothers during pregnancy. A secondary objective was to study the relative influence of...

  • RESEARCH Open Access Prevalence of overweight, obesity and thinness in 9-10 year old children in Mauritius. Caleyachetty, Rishi; Rudnicka, Alicja R.; Echouffo-Tcheugui, Justin B.; Siegel, Karen R.; Richards, Nigel; Whincup, Peter H. // Globalization & Health;2012, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p28 

    Objective: To document the prevalence of overweight, obesity and thinness in 9-10 year old children in Mauritius.Methods: 412 boys and 429 girls aged 9-10 years from 23 primary schools were selected using stratified cluster random sampling. All data was cross-sectional and collected via...

  • Hypertension, a Neglected Disease in Rural and Urban Areas in Moramanga, Madagascar. Ratovoson, Rila; Rasetarinera, Ony Rabarisoa; Andrianantenaina, Ionimalala; Rogier, Christophe; Piola, Patrice; Pacaud, Pierre // PLoS ONE;9/10/2015, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p1 

    Background: Hypertension is one of the main risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. In Madagascar, studies on hypertension in urban and rural communities are scarce. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and identify associated risk factors in...

  • Interacting effects of obesity, race, ethnicity and sex on the incidence and control of adult-onset asthma. Koebnick, Corinna; Fischer, Heidi; Daley, Matthew F.; Ferrara, Assiamira; Horberg, Michael A.; Waitzfelder, Beth; Young, Deborah Rohm; Gould, Michael K. // Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology;10/19/2016, Vol. 12, p1 

    Background: To improve care and control for patients with adult-onset asthma, a better understanding of determinants of their risk and outcomes is important. We investigated how associations between asthma, asthma control and obesity may be modified by patient demographic characteristics....

  • High prepregnant body mass index is associated with early termination of full and any breastfeeding in Danish women.  // American Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Aug2007, Vol. 86 Issue 2, p404 

    The article presents a study of the association of high prepregnant body mass index (BMI) with early termination of full and any breastfeeding in Danish women. The study used logistic regression analyses to assess the association prepregnant BMI and gestational weight gain with the termination...

  • Turning the analysis of obesity-mortality associations upside down: Modeling years of life lost through conditional distributions. Robertson, Henry T.; Campos, Gustavo de los; Allison, David B. // Obesity (19307381);Feb2013, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p398 

    Objective: We demonstrate the utility of parametric survival analysis. The analysis of longevity as a function of risk factors such as body mass index (BMI; kg/m2), activity levels, and dietary factors is a mainstay of obesity research. Modeling survival through hazard functions, relative risks,...

  • Obesity and Its Relationship with Hypertension among Adults 50 Years and Older in Jinan, China. Wang, Shu-Kang; Ma, Wei; Wang, Shumei; Yi, Xiang-Ren; Jia, Hong-Ying; Xue, Fuzhong // PLoS ONE;Dec2014, Vol. 9 Issue 12, p1 

    Background: The relationship between obesity and hypertension varies with geographical area, race and definitions of obesity. Our study aimed to investigate the prevalence of obesity using standard Chinese criteria based on the body mass index (BMI) and the waist circumference (WC) and to...

  • Association Between Subjective Obesity Status and Smoking Behavior Among Normal-Weight Women. Kim, Dae-Hwan // Health Education & Behavior;Jun2018, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p394 

    Smoking and obesity are chief causes of mortality, morbidity, and medical expenditure. However, few studies have investigated the linkage between subjective obesity status and smoking behavior. This study examines whether females in a normal body mass index range who perceive themselves as obese...

  • Relationship Between Sniff Nasal Inspiratory Pressure and BODE Index in Patients with COPD. Donária, Leila; Mesquita, Rafael; Martinez, Larissa; Sípoli, Luciana; Felcar, Josiane; Probst, Vanessa; Hernandes, Nidia; Pitta, Fabio // Lung;Dec2014, Vol. 192 Issue 6, p897 

    Purpose: The aims of this study were to investigate the relationship between sniff nasal inspiratory pressure (SNIP) and severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as defined by the BODE index, and to investigate the capacity of different SNIP cutoffs to predict a BODE index score...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics