Structural and biochemical studies of the 5′→3′ exoribonuclease Xrn1

Jeong Ho Chang; Song Xiang; Kehui Xiang; Manley, James L.; Liang Tong
March 2011
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology;Mar2011, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p270
Academic Journal
The 5′→3′ exoribonucleases (XRNs) have important functions in transcription, RNA metabolism and RNA interference. The structure of Rat1 (also known as Xrn2) showed that the two highly conserved regions of XRNs form a single, large domain that defines the active site of the enzyme. Xrn1 has a 510-residue segment after the conserved regions that is required for activity but is absent from Rat1/Xrn2. Here we report the crystal structures of Kluyveromyces lactis Xrn1 (residues 1-1,245, E178Q mutant), alone and in complex with a Mn2+ ion in the active site. The 510-residue segment contains four domains (D1-D4), located far from the active site. Our mutagenesis and biochemical studies show that their functional importance results from their ability to stabilize the conformation of the N-terminal segment of Xrn1. These domains might also constitute a platform that interacts with protein partners of Xrn1.


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