Development of Verbal Passive in Williams Syndrome

Perovic, Alexandra; Wexler, Kenneth
October 2010
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2010, Vol. 53 Issue 5, p1294
Academic Journal
Purpose: To experimentally investigate knowledge of passives of actional (hold) and psychological (love) verbs in children with Williams syndrome (WS). Passives are usually reported to be in line with mental age in WS. However, studies usually focus on passives of actional verbs only. Method: Twenty-six children withWS, ages 6-16, and 3 groups of typically developing controls, ages 3;6-14;4 (years;months), individually matched to the WS group on nonverbal reasoning, receptive vocabulary, or grammar, participated. Their comprehension of actives and short and long passives (with and without the by-phrase) was tested using a sentence—picture-matching task. Results: Children with WS performed well above chance on passives of actional verbs but extremely poorly on passives of psychological verbs (short and long). Furthermore, their performance on both types of passives was worse than that of matched controls. Conclusions: The results reveal a previously unreported deficiency in the domain of syntax in WS, suggesting a particular difficulty with the structure of the verbal passive, not directly related to general levels of nonverbal abilities, receptive vocabulary, or general comprehension of grammar. It is argued that the difficulty in the formation of verbal passives in WS stems from a deficit in forming argument chains.


Related Articles

  • Organochlorine Pesticide Levels and Risk of Parkinson's Disease in North Indian Population. Chhillar, Neelam; Singh, Neeraj Kumar; Banerjee, B. D.; Bala, Kiran; Mustafa, Md; Sharma, Deepika; Chhillar, Mitrabasu // ISRN Neurology;2013, p1 

    The cause of Parkinson's disease (PD) remains elusive, but environmental chemical exposures have been postulated to be involved in the etiology of PD.We examined the association between the persistent organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and PD in the North Indian population. This case control study...

  • Processing Speed Measures as Clinical Markers for Children With Language Impairment. Park, Jisook; Miller, Carol A.; Mainela-Arnold, Elina // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2015, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p954 

    Purpose: This study investigated the relative utility of linguistic and nonlinguistic processing speed tasks as predictors of language impairment (LI) in children across 2 time points. Method: Linguistic and nonlinguistic reaction time data, obtained from 131 children (89 children with typical...

  • Association of Polyphenols from Oranges and Apples with Specific Intestinal Microorganisms in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients. Cuervo, Adriana; Hevia, Arancha; López, Patricia; Suárez, Ana; Sánchez, Borja; Margolles, Abelardo; González, Sonia // Nutrients;2015, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p1301 

    Our group has recently shown the existence of a gut microbial dysbiosis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), supporting previous evidence involving intestinal bacteria in the initiation and amplification of autoimmune diseases. While several studies have addressed the use of dietary fibres...

  • Association of caesarean section and neonatal death: a population-based case–control study in Islamic Republic of Iran. Ghaedmohammadi, Z.; Anaraki, A.; Khajeian, A.; Khajehian, M.; Ostovar, A. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Apr2015, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p266 

    The high caesarean section rate in the Islamic Republic of Iran could be a risk for adverse neonatal outcomes. This population-based, case–control study investigated the association of caesarean section and neonatal death. A total of 146 mothers whose babies had died during 28 days after...

  • Inverse Association of Plasma Vanadium Levels with Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes in a Chinese Population. Wang, Xia; Sun, Taoping; Liu, Jun; Shan, Zhilei; Jin, Yilin; Chen, Sijing; Bao, Wei; Hu, Frank B.; Liu, Liegang // American Journal of Epidemiology;Aug2014, Vol. 180 Issue 4, p378 

    Vanadium compounds have been proposed to have beneficial effects on the pathogenesis and complications of type 2 diabetes. Our objective was to evaluate the association between plasma vanadium levels and type 2 diabetes. We performed a case-control study involving 1,598 Chinese subjects with or...

  • Is Hyperopia an Important Risk Factor for PACG in the Dutch Population?--A Case Control Study. M. van Romunde, Saskia H.; Thepass, Gijs; Lemij, Hans G. // Journal of Ophthalmology;2013, p1 

    Objectives. To determine if hyperopia is a risk factor for primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) in the Dutch population and to identify other biometrical parameters as risk factors for PACG including axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and κ values. Methods. The study...

  • Research on Goodness-of-fit Tests in Logistic Case-control. Hongmei Liu; Xiangli Jing; Mingzhong Jin; Qingqiong Jiang // International Journal of Digital Content Technology & its Applic;Apr2013, Vol. 7 Issue 7, p611 

    Recent work has shown that there are a number of goodness-of-fit tests have been proposed for the logistic regression model under case-control sampling. After reparameterisation, the assumed logistic regression model is equivalent to a two-sample semiparametric model in which the log ratio of...

  • Written Language Ability in Mandarin-Speaking Children with Cochlear Implants. Wu, Che-Ming; Ko, Hui-Chen; Chen, Yen-An; Tsou, Yung-Ting; Chao, Wei-Chieh // BioMed Research International;7/5/2015, Vol. 2015, p1 

    Objectives. To examine narrative writing in cochlear implant (CI) children and understand the factors associated with unfavorable outcomes. Materials and Methods. Forty-five CI children in grades 2–6 participated in this study. They received CIs at 4.1 ± 2.1 years of age and had used...

  • The Role of Developmental Levels in Examining the Effect of Subject Types on the Production of Auxiliary Is in Young English-Speaking Children. Guo, Ling-Yu; Horne, Amanda J. Owen Van; Tomblin, J. Bruce // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2011, Vol. 54 Issue 6, p1658 

    Purpose: Prior work (Guo, Owen, & Tomblin, 2010) has shown that at the group level, auxiliary is production by young English-speaking children was symmetrical across lexical noun and pronominal subjects. Individual data did not uniformly reflect these patterns. On the basis of the framework of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics