Mood and Substance Use Disorders Among Adults Seeking Speech Treatment for Stuttering

Iverach, Lisa; Jones, Mark; O'Brian, Sue; Block, Susan; Lincoln, Michelle; Harrison, Elisabeth; Hewat, Sally; Menzies, Ross G.; Packman, Ann; Onslow, Mark
October 2010
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2010, Vol. 53 Issue 5, p1178
Academic Journal
Objectives: Stuttering has been associated with a range of anxiety disorders, including social phobia. In the general community, anxiety disorders are frequently associated with increased rates of mood and substance use disorders. Therefore, in the present study, the authors sought to determine the rate of mood and substance use disorders among adults who stutter. Method: The study employed a matched case-control design. Participants included 92 adults seeking treatment for stuttering and 920 age- and gender-matched controls. Mental health assessments were conducted via a computerized psychiatric diagnostic interview. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for the prevalence of mood and substance use disorders in both groups. Results: When compared with matched controls, adults seeking treatment for stuttering had twofold increased odds of meeting criteria for a 12-month diagnosis of any mood disorder but were not found to report significantly higher lifetime prevalence rates for any substance use disorder. Conclusions: Although adults who stutter in the present study were characterized by significantly higher rates of mood disorders than matched controls, they do not appear to self-medicate with substances such as alcohol. Results are discussed in terms of treatment implications and possible reasons why adults who stutter may avoid alcohol.


Related Articles

  • Adolescent Self-Reports of Social Anxiety: Can They Disagree with Objective Psychophysiological Measures and Still Be Valid? De Los Reyes, Andres; Aldao, Amelia; Thomas, Sarah; Daruwala, Samantha; Swan, Anna; Van Wie, Michael; Goepel, Katherine; Lechner, William // Journal of Psychopathology & Behavioral Assessment;Sep2012, Vol. 34 Issue 3, p308 

    We examined self-reported and parent-reported adolescent social anxiety symptoms and objective baseline measures of psychophysiological flexibility in 62 families. Measures completed by 31 adolescents referred for a clinical screening evaluation for social anxiety were compared to an age- and...

  • Hepatitis C among methadone maintenance treatment patients in Shanghai and Kunming, China. Hser, Y.; Du, J.; Li, J.; Zhao, M.; Chang, Y.J.; Peng, C.Y.; Evans, E. // Journal of Public Health;Mar2012, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p24 

    Background This study aims to: (1) document the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) among methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) patients in Kunming and Shanghai; (2) examine risk factors for HCV by comparing those who tested positive with those who were negative and (3) examine if HCV...

  • Disordered (Pathologic or Problem) Gambling and Axis I Psychiatric Disorders: Results From the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Chou, Kee-Lee; Afifi, Tracie O. // American Journal of Epidemiology;Jun2011, Vol. 173 Issue 11, p1289 

    The authors’ objective in this study was to examine the role of disordered gambling as a risk factor for the subsequent occurrence of specific Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Axis I psychiatric disorders after adjusting for medical conditions,...

  • Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole induced hyperkalaemia in elderly patients receiving spironolactone: nested case-control study. Antoniou, Tony; Gomes, Tara; Mamdani, Muhammad M.; Zhan Yao; Hellings, Chelsea; Garg, Amit X.; Weir, Matthew A.; Juurlink, David N. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (Overseas & Retired Doctors Edition;9/17/2011, Vol. 343 Issue 7823, p574 

    The article presents a nested case-control study on the impact of Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and spironolactone drugs in the occurence of hyperkalaemia in older patients in Ontario. Multivariable conditional logistic regression analysis is used to study the influence of the said drugs....

  • Ciprofloxacin-induced theophylline toxicity: a population-based study. Antoniou, Tony; Gomes, Tara; Mamdani, Muhammad; Juurlink, David // European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology;May2011, Vol. 67 Issue 5, p521 

    Purpose: Ciprofloxacin can inhibit the cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism of theophylline, but the clinical relevance of this drug interaction is uncertain. We studied the risk of theophylline toxicity associated with the co-prescription of ciprofloxacin and theophylline. Methods: This was a...

  • Social Anxiety Disorder Subtypes and Their Mental Health Correlates in a Nationally Representative Canadian Sample. Chartrand, Hayley; Cox, Brian; El-Gabalawy, Renée; Clara, Ian // Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science;Apr2011, Vol. 43 Issue 2, p89 

    The present study aimed to assess the merit of subtyping social anxiety disorder by validating the nongeneralised subtype, differentiating the generalised and nongeneralised subtypes, and determining the role of feared social situations. Data came from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle...

  • The Association of Migraine with Menstrually Related Mood Disorders and Childhood Sexual Abuse. Bunevicius, Adomas; Rubinow, David R.; Calhoun, Anne; Leserman, Jane; Richardson, Erin; Rozanski, Kim; Girdler, Susan S. // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Oct2013, Vol. 22 Issue 10, p871 

    Background: Both female reproductive hormones and childhood sexual abuse (CSA) are implicated in migraine and in menstrually related mood disorders (MRMD). We examined the association of migraine, including migraine with aura (MA), and history of MRMD or CSA. Methods: A total of 174 women (mean...

  • Association between cannabis and cocaine use, traffic injuries and use of protective devices. Pulido, José; Barrio, Gregorio; Lardelli, Pablo; Bravo, María J.; Regidor, Enrique; de la Fuente, Luis // European Journal of Public Health;Dec2011, Vol. 21 Issue 6, p753 

    The effect of cannabis and cocaine use on non-fatal traffic injuries and use of motorcycle helmets or car seatbelts was assessed in a nationwide sample of 17 484 car or motorcycle drivers surveyed in 2005 in Spain. Logistic regression was used to adjust for distance driven and potential...

  • The impact of substance abuse on osteoporosis screening and risk of osteoporosis in women with psychotic disorders. Kelly, D. L.; Myers, C. S.; Abrams, M. T.; Feldman, S.; Park, J.; McMahon, R. P.; Shim, J.-C. // Osteoporosis International;Apr2011, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p1133 

    Summary: Review of the 1-year prevalence of screening for osteoporosis and of osteoporosis or idiopathic fracture in Maryland Medicaid administrative records found that screening rates did not differ among women in the control population, women with psychosis, and women with major mood...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics