TITLE

Normative Data for the Words-in-Noise Test for 6- to 12-Year-Old Children

AUTHOR(S)
Wilson, Richard H.; Farmer, Nicole M.; Gandhi, Avni; Shelburne, Emily; Weaver, Jamie
PUB. DATE
October 2010
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2010, Vol. 53 Issue 5, p1111
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: To establish normative data for children on the Words-in-Noise Test (WIN; R. H. Wilson, 2003; R. H. Wilson & R. McArdle, 2007). Method: Forty-two children in each of 7 age groups, ranging in age from 6 to 12 years (n = 294), and 24 young adults (age range: 18-27 years) with normal hearing for pure tones participated. All listeners were screened at 15 dB HL (American National Standards Institute, 2004) with the octave interval between 500 and 4000 Hz. Randomizations of WIN Lists 1, 2, and 1 or WIN Lists 2, 1, and 2 were presented with the noise fixed at 70 dB SPL, followed by presentation at 90 dB SPL of the 70 Northwestern University Auditory Test No. 6 (T. W. Tillman & R. Carhart, 1966) words used in the WIN. Finally, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (L. M. Dunn & L. M. Dunn, 1981) was administered. Testing was conducted in a quiet room. Results: There were 3 main findings: (a) The biggest change in recognition performance occurred between the ages of 6 and 7 years; ( b) from 9 to 12 years, recognition performance was stable; and (c) performance by young adults (18-27 years) was slightly better (1-2 dB) than performance by the older children. Conclusion: The WIN can be used with children as young as 6 years of age; however, age-specific ranges of normal recognition performance must be used.
ACCESSION #
58736609

 

Related Articles

  • Speech Perception in Noise by Children With Cochlear Implants. Caldwell, Amanda; Nittrouer, Susan; Bacon, Sid; Tobey, Emily // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2013, Vol. 56 Issue 1, p13 

    Purpose: Common wisdom suggests that listening in noise poses disproportionately greater difficulty for listeners with cochlear implants (CIs) than for peers with normal hearing (NH). The purpose of this study was to examine phonological, language, and cognitive skills that might help explain...

  • Auditory Learning in Children With Cochlear Implants. Mishra, Srikanta K.; Boddupally, Shiva P.; Rayapati, Deeksha // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2015, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p1052 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine and characterize the training-induced changes in speech-in-noise perception in children with congenital deafness who have cochlear implants (CIs). Method: Twenty-seven children with congenital deafness who have CIs were studied. Eleven children...

  • The Development of the Mealings, Demuth, Dillon, and Buchholz Classroom Speech Perception Test. Mealings, Kiri T.; Demuth, Katherine; Buchholz, Jörg; Dillon, Harvey // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2015, Vol. 58 Issue 4, p1350 

    Purpose: Open-plan classroom styles are increasingly being adopted in Australia despite evidence that their high intrusive noise levels adversely affect learning. The aim of this study was to develop a new Australian speech perception task (the Mealings, Demuth, Dillon, and Buchholz Classroom...

  • Poorer Phonetic Perceivers Show Greater Benefit in Phonetic-Phonological Speech Learning. Ingvalson, Erin M.; Barr, Allison M.; Wong, Patrick C. M.; Oetting, Janna; Joanisse, Marc // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2013, Vol. 56 Issue 3, p1045 

    Purpose: Previous research has demonstrated that native English speakers can learn lexical tones in word context (pitch-to-word learning), to an extent. However, learning success depends on learners’ pre-training sensitivity to pitch patterns. The aim of this study was to determine...

  • The Advantage of Knowing the Talker. Souza, Pamela; Gehani, Namita; Wright, Richard; McCloy, Daniel // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Sep2013, Vol. 24 Issue 8, p689 

    Background: Many audiologists have observed a situation where a patient appears to understand something spoken by his or her spouse or a close friend but not the same information spoken by a stranger. However, it is not clear whether this observation reflects choice of communication strategy or...

  • Speechreading Development in Deaf and Hearing Children: Introducing the Test of Child Speechreading. Kyle, Fiona E.; Campbell, Ruth; Mohammed, Tara; Coleman, Mike; MacSweeney, Mairéad; Kreiman, Jody; Dodd, Barbara // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2013, Vol. 56 Issue 2, p416 

    Purpose: In this article, the authors describe the development of a new instrument, the Test of Child Speechreading (ToCS), which was specifically designed for use with deaf and hearing children. Speechreading is a skill that is required for deaf children to access the language of the hearing...

  • Dynamic Spectral Structure Specifies Vowels for Adults and Children. Nittrouer, Susan; Lowenstein, Joanna H. // Language & Speech;Dec2014, Vol. 57 Issue 4, p487 

    The dynamic specification account of vowel recognition suggests that formant movement between vowel targets and consonant margins is used by listeners to recognize vowels. This study tested that account by measuring contributions to vowel recognition of dynamic (i.e., time-varying) spectral...

  • Clinical Experience with the Words-in-Noise Test on 3430 Veterans: Comparisons with Pure-Tone Thresholds and Word Recognition in Quiet. Wilson, Richard H. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Jul/Aug2011, Vol. 22 Issue 7, p405 

    Background: Since the 1940s, measures of pure-tone sensitivity and speech recognition in quiet have been vital components of the audiologic evaluation. Although early investigators urged that speech recognition in noise also should be a component of the audiologic evaluation, only recently has...

  • Asynchronous Vowel-Pair Identification Across the Adult Life Span for Monaural and Dichotic Presentations. Fogerty, Daniel; Kewley-Port, Diane; Humes, Larry E. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2012, Vol. 55 Issue 2, p487 

    Purpose: Temporal order abilities decrease with age. Declining temporal processing abilities may influence the identification of rapid vowel sequences. Identification patterns for asynchronous vowel pairs were explored across the life span. Method: Young, middle-aged, and older listeners...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics