Magnetic collimation of fast electrons in specially engineered targets irradiated by ultraintense laser pulses

Cai, Hong-bo; Zhu, Shao-ping; He, X. T.; Wu, Si-zhong; Chen, Mo; Zhou, Cangtao; Yu, Wei; Nagatomo, Hideo
February 2011
Physics of Plasmas;Feb2011, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p023106
Academic Journal
The efficient magnetic collimation of fast electron flow transporting in overdense plasmas is investigated with two-dimensional collisional particle-in-cell numerical simulations. It is found that the specially engineered targets exhibiting either high-resistivity-core-low-resistivity-cladding structure or low-density-core-high-density-cladding structure can collimate fast electrons. Two main mechanisms to generate collimating magnetic fields are found. In high-resistivity-core-low-resistivity-cladding structure targets, the magnetic field at the interfaces is generated by the gradients of the resistivity and fast electron current, while in low-density-core-high-density-cladding structure targets, the magnetic field is generated by the rapid changing of the flow velocity of the background electrons in transverse direction (perpendicular to the flow velocity) caused by the density jump. The dependences of the maximal magnetic field on the incident laser intensity and plasma density, which are studied by numerical simulations, are supported by our analytical calculations.


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