TITLE

Determinants of choosing a career in family medicine

AUTHOR(S)
Scott, Ian; Gowans, Margot; Wright, Bruce; Brenneis, Fraser; Banner, Sandra; Boone, Jim
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;1/11/2011, Vol. 183 Issue 1, p54
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Student choice is an important determinant of the distribution of specialties of practising physicians in many countries. Understanding characteristics at entry into medical school that are associated with the choice of residency in family medicine can assist medical schools in admitting an appropriate mix of students to serve the health care needs of their regions. Methods: From 2002 to 2004, we collected data from students in 15 classes at 8 of 16 Canadian medical schools at entry. Surveys included questions on career choice, attitudes to practice and socio-demographic characteristics. We followed students prospectively with these data linked to their residency choice. We used multiple logistic regression analysis to identify entry characteristics that predicted a student's ultimate career choice in family medicine. Results: Of 1941 eligible students in the participating classes, 1542 (79.4%) contributed data to the final analyses. The following 11 entry variables predicted whether a student named family medicine as his or her top residency choice: being older, being engaged or in a long-term relationship, not having parents with postgraduate university education nor having family or close friends practicing medicine, having undertaken voluntary work in a developing nation, not volunteering with elderly people, desire for varied scope of practice, a societal orientation, a lower interest in research, desire for short postgraduate training, and lower preference for medical versus social problems. Interpretation: Demographic and attitudinal characteristics at entry into medical school predicted whether students chose a career in family medicine.
ACCESSION #
58605792

 

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