Anxiety Disorder amongst Secondary School Children in an Urban City in Nigeria

Frank-Briggs, Angela I.; Alikor, E. A. D.
September 2010
International Journal of Biomedical Science;2010, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p246
Academic Journal
Anxiety is a source of concern to the clinicians as it is co morbid with other mental disorders, particularly depression and learning disabilities, and it causes low self-esteem. The aim of this research was to evaluate the prevalence of anxiety disorder amongst secondary school children in Port Harcourt. A two-staged stratified sampling method was used to select the schools. Structured questionnaire based on Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale for anxiety and depression symptoms was used in evaluating the students. The questionnaires administered to the students were filled with the assistance of the researchers and the classroom teachers. Direct verbal interview was conducted for those noted to have symptoms of any of the various types of anxiety disorders and fears. Out of 885 students, 91 met the criteria for the diagnosis of anxiety/ depression disorder; prevalence was 10.28%, age range was 9-18 years. There were 37 males and 54 females giving a male: female ratio of 0.69:1. Majority 52 (57.14%) of the children lived with their parents, 28 (30.77%) of them lived with family relations and 11 (12.09%) of them were working as house helps to other families. The reasons given for being anxious were poor self image, fear of death, repeated physical and sexual abuses by their care givers and other adults. Learning disability was the major associated co morbid disorder (18.68%). Generalized anxiety was the most common type of anxiety disorder identified (32.97%). Anxiety disorders are debilitating chronic conditions. When it affects school aged children it contributes significantly to poor academic performance.


Related Articles

  • Issues in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Adult ADHD by Primary Care Physicians. Adler, Lenard; Shaw, David; Sitt, David; Maya, Erica; Morrill, Melinda Ippolito // Primary Psychiatry;May2009, Vol. 16 Issue 5, p57 

    Introduction: The objective of this article is to compare primary care physicians' (PCPs') experiences with diagnosing and treating adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) versus other mental health disorders. Methods: Four hundred PCPs who have patients with ADHD, bipolar...

  • Saccadic eye movement applications for psychiatric disorders. Bittencourt, Juliana; Velasques, Bruna; Teixeira, Silmar; Basile, Luis F.; Salles, José Inácio; Nardi, Antonio Egídio; Budde, Henning; Cagy, Mauricio; Piedade, Roberto; Ribeiro, Pedro // Neuropsychiatric Disease & Treatment;2013, Vol. 9, p1393 

    Objective: The study presented here analyzed the patterns of relationship between oculomotor performance and psychopathology, focusing on depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and anxiety disorder. Methods: Scientific articles published from 1967...

  • ADHD, bruxism and psychiatric disorders: does bruxism increase the chance of a comorbid psychiatric disorder in children with ADHD and their parents?  // Sleep & Breathing;Nov2008, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p375 

    Abstract  There is an association between bruxism and ADHD. No published data on psychiatric comorbidities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) children with bruxism were found. There is no satisfying treatment method for children with bruxism. If we understand its...

  • B-14 Prediction of ADHD Diagnosis Using a Continuous Performance Task. Pinjala, M; Willis, A; Golden, C // Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology;Sep2014, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p541 

    Objective: To determine the extent to which scores on the Conners' Continuous Performance Task, 2nd edition (CCPT-II) predict classification of ADHD in a mixed clinical sample. Method: The sample contained 77 participants: 20 were diagnosed ADHD and 57 with either Major Depressive Disorder or an...

  • EPÄ°LEPSÄ°DE Ä°NTERÄ°KTAL PSÄ°KÄ°YATRÄ°K BOZUKLUKLAR. şAHİN, şevki; ÇıNAR, Nilgün; BATUM, Kübra; KARşıDAğ, Sibel // Anatolian Journal of Clinical Investigation;2012, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p256 

    Epilepsy can cause many different problems such as psychosocial problems except seizures. According to the temporal distribution, the psychiatric disorders which epilepsy caused can be addressed into the two main groups such as peri-ictal (preictal, ictal, postictal) and interictal. The...

  • ADHD in Adult Psychiatric Outpatients: Prevalence and Comorbidity. DURAN, Şahut; FISTIKCI, Nurhan; KEYVAN, Ali; BİLİCİ, Mustafa; ÇALIŞKAN, Mecit // Turkish Journal of Psychiatry;2014, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p1 

    Aim: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adult psychiatric outpatients. Moreover, comorbid psychiatric diagnoses in adults with ADHD were determined. Patients with and without ADHD were compared regarding DSM Axis I-II comorbidity...

  • Transmisión del riesgo de psicopatología en hijos de padres con trastornos por consumo de sustancias. Clark, Duncan B.; Cornelius, Jack; Wood, D. Scott; Vanyukov, Michael // American Journal of Psychiatry - Edición Española;Jul2004, Vol. 7 Issue 7, p427 

    No abstract available.

  • Is Your Coworker a Jerk, or Does He Need a Doctor? Jaurequi, Barbara // Conflict Resolution & Negotiation Journal;2013, Vol. 2013 Issue 4, p126 

    The article reports on the study of the National Association of Mental Health (NAMH), the mental health charity based in Great Britain which reveals that an estimated 26.2 percent of young adult Americans suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder every year. It notes that 4% of adults had...

  • Genetic and environmental contributions to common psychopathologies of childhood and adolescence: a study of twins and their siblings. Ehringer, Marissa A.; Soo Hyun Rhee; Young, Susan; Corley, Robin; Hewitt, John K.; Rhee, Soo Hyun // Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology;Feb2006, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p1 

    We report findings based on analyses of self-reports of six common adolescent psychopathologies (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, ADHD; conduct disorder, CD; oppositional defiant disorder, ODD; generalized anxiety disorder, GAD; separation anxiety disorder, SAD; and major depressive...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics