TITLE

Groundwater Recharge Assessment in the Chateauguay River Watershed

AUTHOR(S)
Croteau, Anne; Nastev, Miroslav; Lefebvre, Ren�
PUB. DATE
December 2010
SOURCE
Canadian Water Resources Journal/Revue Canadienne des Ressources;Winter2010, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p451
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The objective of this study was to evaluate groundwater recharge in the Chateauguay River watershed. The Hydrologic Evaluation of Landfill Performance (HELP) model was used to assess daily values of recharge, evapotranspiration and runoff. The study area was divided into a regular grid, 250 m � 250 m, for a total of 47,616 grid elements. The input parameters included soil physical properties, land use, vegetation and climate data. Calibration of HELP was carried out against runoff and baseflow estimates obtained from separation of five river hydrographs. Over a 39 year period, the mean annual recharge rate was estimated at 86 mm, or 9% of the total precipitation. Areas characterized by high water level elevations and unconfined flow conditions were identified as the main recharge areas. Daily estimates show that recharge takes place mainly in spring and fall. Over the observed period, the annual variations of evapotranspiration and runoff were directly related to changes in precipitation, whereas the annual recharge response was subdued, with much lower variations. HELP was also used to assess potential climate change scenarios using data for the driest and most humid years. The mean annual recharge was 51 mm for the driest year and 99 mm for the most humid year. Differences in the spatial distribution of recharge for the predictive scenarios indicate that the areas most sensitive to climate change correspond to the preferential recharge areas.
ACCESSION #
58487106

 

Related Articles

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics