Estimation of biogenic substance transport by water masses in Tatar Strait

Leonov, A. V.; Pishchal'nik, V. M.; Arkhipkin, V. S.
January 2011
Water Resources;Jan2011, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p72
Academic Journal
The conditions of transformations of biogenic substances and the redistribution of their concentrations in the shelf water of Sakhalin Island are studied. Preliminary works have given the results for the water area of La Perouse Strait and Aniva Bay (the Sea of Okhotsk), while this paper gives such results for Tatar Strait (the Sea of Japan). Three electronic instruments of oceanographic studies are applied: an adapted version of Bergen Oceanic Model (for the reconstruction of the space and time distribution of seawater temperature, salinity, and density; the circulation intensity of water masses; and water exchange parameters with nearby water areas and within the strait); GIS 'Sakhalin Shelf' (for the reconstruction of annual variations in thermohaline characteristics on a standard grid and horizons of oceanographic stations, and the parameters of the aquatic environment); hydroecological CNPSi-model (for studying the annual dynamics of biogenic element compounds, the biomasses, biohydrochemical activity and bioproduction of microorganisms-bacteria, phytoplankton, and zooplankton, taking part in transformation of biogenic substances and petroleum hydrocarbons, as well as the internal fluxes of biogenic substances governed by the activity of microorganisms and the external load on the marine ecosystem). The results of modeling the spatial transport of biogenic substances through the outer boundaries of Tatar Strait water area and the boundaries of the three areas identified within it are presented and discussed.


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