TITLE

Effects of Abdominal Trussing on Breathing and Speech in Men With Cervical Spinal Cord Injury

AUTHOR(S)
Watson, Peter J.; Hixon, Thomas J.
PUB. DATE
August 2001
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2001, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p751
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abdominal trussing constitutes an inward fixation of the abdominal wall. In the context of speech habilitation/rehabilitation, it is sometimes used to supplant, in part, the function of a paralyzed or paretic abdominal wall. A paralyzed or paretic abdominal wall may be found in individuals with cervical spinal cord injury or in individuals with other neurologic disorders, such as muscular dystrophy. This research was designed to study the effects of trussing as a clinical treatment. A study was designed to systematically and precisely place the abdominal wall at one position (50% inward) to study the effects of trussing (as compared to an untrussed condition) on lung volume and oral reading in three men with cervical spinal cord injury (C5-C6). Results showed that abdominal trussing increased vital capacity, realized via an increase of inspiratory capacity, presumably by optimization of the function of the diaphragm. With the increase in inspiratory capacity, longer utterance duration for oral reading was observed. With increased utterance duration, more syllables were produced per utterance, and pauses occurred at appropriate linguistic locations. Oral reading samples for trussed and untrussed conditions were submitted to preference judgment by a group of 10 judges. For two of the three men studied, oral reading during trussing was preferred because of longer phrases and pauses taken at suitable linguistic boundaries. The findings from this study support clinical impressions that abdominal trussing may be useful in improving speech in individuals with a paralyzed or paretic abdomen whose breathing function for speech is diminished.
ACCESSION #
5813479

 

Related Articles

  • Prevalence of congenital anterior abdominal wall defects in the United Kingdom: Comparison of regional registers. Stone, DH; Rimaz, Shahnaz; Gilmour, WH // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);10/24/98, Vol. 317 Issue 7166, p1118 

    Presents a study which investigated the prevalence of congenital abdominal wall defects in Great Britain. Subjects and methodology; Results; Comment on the findings.

  • Acutely incarcerated abdominal wall hernia: what if it is a consequence? Gonenc, M.; Bozkurt, M.; Kapan, S.; Aras, A.; Surek, A.; Alis, H. // Hernia;Dec2014, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p837 

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to emphasize the importance of differential diagnosis in patients with acutely incarcerated abdominal wall hernia (AWH). Methods: The medical records of patients who underwent emergency surgery with preoperative diagnosis of acutely incarcerated AWH and in whom...

  • Prevention of Adhesions to Polypropylene Mesh in a Rabbit Model. DINSMORE, ROBERT C.; CALTON JR., WILLIAM C. // American Surgeon;Apr1999, Vol. 65 Issue 4, p383 

    Presents information on a study which developed a quantitative model for evaluating adhesion formation and determined whether Seprafilm (HAL-F) bioresorbable membrane is effective in preventing adhesions to polypropylene mesh (PPM). Use of PPM in repairing abdominal wall defects; Materials and...

  • Development of a novel synthetic material to close abdominal wall defects. Cnota, Melissa A.; Aliabadi-Wahle, Shaghayegh; Choe, Ella U.; Jacob, Jean T.; Flint, Lewis M.; Ferrara, John J. // American Surgeon;May1998, Vol. 64 Issue 5, p415 

    Compares the effectiveness of abdominal wall closure techniques using implanted permanent mesh materials such as TMS-2 with Gore-Tex or Marlex and primary closure of the abdominal defects created under clean and contaminated conditions. Composition of the synthetic material; Superiority of...

  • Successful Repair of Incarcerated and Eviscerated Hernia With Polypropylene Mesh. Akkucuk, Seckin; Aydogan, Akin; Paltaci, Ilhan; Kaplan, Aydin; Ugur, Mustafa // Journal of Medical Cases;2013, Vol. 4 Issue 11, p729 

    The aim of this study is to present a case of eviscerated and incarcerated recurrent incisional hernia successfully repaired with polypropylene mesh. A 65-year-old woman with recurrent incarcerated incisional hernia with spontaneous evisceration was admitted to our emergency clinic. She had...

  • Delayed Asymptomatic Left Traumatic Diaphragmatic Hernia after Abdominal Stab Wounds. Balaguera, Josuèc) Carvajal; Garcia-Almenta, Mercedes Martin; Segovia, Juan Camuñas; Aquiriano, Luis Albeniz; de Tórres, Soledad Oliart Delgado; Gamarra, Luis Peña; Hernández, Carlos Ma Cerquella // Internet Journal of Surgery;2008, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p21 

    Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia (TDH) is sometimes diagnosed many years after the traumatic event. Due to the silent nature of diaphragmatic lesions, the diagnosis is easily missed or difficult. We describe a case of left diaphragmatic hernia, in which the diagnosis was made two years after...

  • Available and emerging technologies for assessing intraoperative tissue perfusion during complex ventral hernia repair procedures. Ferzoco, Stephen J. // Open Access Surgery;2013, Vol. 7, p1 

    Abdominal wall reconstructions, and complex ventral hernia repairs in particular, pose significant challenges to surgeons and are associated with serious postoperative wound healing complications often related to poor tissue perfusion. Maintenance of adequate perfusion of central adipocutaneous...

  • How to Handle Speciose Clades? Mass Taxon-Sampling as a Strategy towards Illuminating the Natural History of Campanula (Campanuloideae). Mansion, Guilhem; Parolly, Gerald; Crowl, Andrew A.; Mavrodiev, Evgeny; Cellinese, Nico; Oganesian, Marine; Fraunhofer, Katharina; Kamari, Georgia; Phitos, Dimitrios; Haberle, Rosemarie; Akaydin, Galip; Ikinci, Nursel; Raus, Thomas; Borsch, Thomas // PLoS ONE;Nov2012, Vol. 7 Issue 11, Special section p1 

    Background: Speciose clades usually harbor species with a broad spectrum of adaptive strategies and complex distribution patterns, and thus constitute ideal systems to disentangle biotic and abiotic causes underlying species diversification. The delimitation of such study systems to test...

  • Spinal Cord Injury (Book review). Kelly,, Kate // Library Journal;4/1/2000, Vol. 125 Issue 6, p123 

    Reviews the book `Spinal Cord Injury: A Guide for Living,' by Sara Palmer and others.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics