Pierre, Andrew J.
January 1971
Foreign Affairs;Jan1971, Vol. 49 Issue 2, p283
This article focuses on the nuclear diplomacy between Great Britain, France and the U.S. In so far as strategic weapons are concerned, Britain, France and the U.S. might enter into a new set of nuclear relationships. Collaboration on nuclear weapons technology between London, England and Paris, France would receive the support of the U.S. as would the coordination of the targeting of the two forces. In turn, their joint targeting plans would be coordinated with those of the U.S. in the same manner as the British plans have been coordinated in the past. In practice both the ultimate command and control decisions, as well as the ownership of the forces, would remain in the hands of the respective national authorities. Britain and France would accordingly have three sets of target plans: Alliance, European and National. The British and French forces might become subject to the advisory guidelines of a European Nuclear Committee (ENC) on which the non-nuclear countries would be represented. This would be of special importance to the Federal Republic of Germany as the only major West European power without an independent nuclear capability. The ENC would permit the formulation of a European perspective on planning for contingencies and political guidelines on the use of nuclear weapons. A unified European view might thereby be presented to the U.S. The ENC would also be an appropriate forum for discussion of the problems associated with the next generation of the European nuclear forces. In time, the non-nuclear countries might contribute to their maintenance either through joint production of delivery systems or through common financing. This arrangement would not involve a breach of the Non-Proliferation Treaty since it would not include a transfer of nuclear weapons, or of their control, to non-nuclear powers.


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