Surgical strategy for acquired tracheomalacia due to innominate artery compression of the trachea

Tatekawa, Yukihiro; Muraji, Toshihiro
March 2011
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery;Mar2011, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p412
Academic Journal
Abstract: We reviewed six cases demonstrating acquired tracheomalacia due to innominate artery compression of the trachea and investigated the benefit and effectiveness of a technique for correcting tracheomalacia. All the patients developed scoliosis and the innominate artery run over the trachea. Four cases had permanent neurologic impairment, whereas two patients developed acquired neurologic impairment. The surgical strategy for acquired tracheomalacia due to innominate artery compression of the trachea involved superior mediastinal exposure, external reinforcement with autologous cartilage graft, anterior sling of the innominate artery with a muscle sling, and tracheopexy. Our surgical procedure has been effective in maintaining the patency of the tracheal lumen in all cases but one. This patient suffered from straight back syndrome and developed recurrence of tracheomalacia owing to mucosal infolding secondary to the deformed spine in a supine position. The authors believe our surgical procedure is effective to relieve the symptoms of tracheomalacia, but it is important to select surgical interventions in accordance with the specific patient''s condition.


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