TITLE

Motor Control in Children and Adults During a Non-Speech Oral Task

AUTHOR(S)
Clark, Heather M.; Robin, Donald A.; McCullagh, Gail; Schmidt, Richard A.
PUB. DATE
October 2001
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2001, Vol. 44 Issue 5, p1015
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Although decreased accuracy and increased variability of movement is a common developmental finding, the nature of these performance patterns remains poorly understood. The present study examined the accuracy and stability of several aspects of oral motor control. Specifically, we examined the control of absolute timing (temporal parameterization), absolute amplitude (amplitude parameterization), and relative timing and amplitude (generalized motor programs) in children and adults during a lip plus jaw opening and closing task. As was the case with similar reports, we found that children were both less accurate and less stable in their assignment of temporal and amplitude parameters. However, we further found that although children's underlying movement patterns were less accurate than those of adults, children exhibited similar variability in their generalized motor programs. The results are discussed within the framework of a schema model of motor control (Schmidt, 1975) with reference to the strategic allocation of resources during motor learning (e.g., Clark & Robin, 1998).
ACCESSION #
5808768

 

Related Articles

  • POETIC SPEECH ACTS. A HYPOTHESIS OF TWO CONTEXTS. Merilai, Arne // TRAMES: A Journal of the Humanities & Social Sciences;2001, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p157 

    It is assumed that an utterance can perform several speech acts at a time, which is explicable by the concept of additional force. Thus, the poetic utterance Hopes are going to turn to rags can be formalised as an expressive assertive EcomplaintAdescription(p), in which the assertive act can...

  • Linguistic Cues and Memory for Synthetic and Natural Speech. Paris, Carol R.; Thomas, Margaret H. // Human Factors;Fall2000, Vol. 42 Issue 3, p421 

    Assesses whether certain characteristics of synthetic speech slow on-line, real-time cognitive processing. Basic yardstick for the comparison between natural and synthetic speech; Factors for processing speed differences between synthetic and natural speech; Differences between natural speech...

  • POETIC SPEECH ACTS. A HYPOTHESIS OF TWO CONTEXTS. Merilai, Arne // TRAMES: A Journal of the Humanities & Social Sciences;2001, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p157 

    It is assumed that an utterance can perform several speech acts at a time, which is explicable by the concept of additional force. Thus, the poetic utterance Hopes are going to turn to rags can be formalised as an expressive assertive EcomplaintAdescription(p), in which the assertive act can...

  • Applied Linguistics and Language Minorities. Rymes, Betsy; Strauss, Susan // Issues in Applied Linguistics;Jun1995, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses how the applied linguistics implicates language minorities which involves not only language structure but the ways that language is used in speech community.

  • Agreement, Disputes and Commitments in Dialogue. Alex Lascarides; Nicholas Asher // Journal of Semantics;May2009, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p109 

    This paper provides a logically precise analysis of agreement and disputes in dialogue. The semantics distinguishes among the public commitments of each dialogue agent, including commitments to relational speech acts or rhetorical relations (e.g. Narration, Explanation and Correction). Agreement...

  • Effects of Divided Attention on the Production of Filled Pauses and Repetitions. Oomen, Claudy C. E.; Postma, Albert // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2001, Vol. 44 Issue 5, p997 

    The purpose of the present study was to examine effects of divided attention on the production of filled pauses and repetitions. Attention was divided by means of a dual-task paradigm. Eighteen nonstuttering adult subjects performed a picture story-telling task, with and without simultaneously...

  • From Theory to Practice: A Note on Applied Liguistics. Motherwell, George // Western Speech;Fall1956, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p228 

    Focuses on applied linguistics in the U.S. Position of American linguistic science in relation to other disciplines; Large scale application of linguistics; Application of descriptive linguistics.

  • Comprehending illocutionary force. Holtgraves, Thomas; Ashley, Aaron // Memory & Cognition;Jan2001, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p83 

    Analyzes the involvement of speech act recognition for utterance comprehension. Context of the speech act theory; Use of a recognition probe reaction time procedure and lexical decision task; Role of language as actions in comprehension.

  • PERIODIC RHYTHMS IN CONVERSATIONAL SPEECH. Warner, Rebecca M. // Language & Speech;Oct-Dec79, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p381 

    Analyzes on-off vocal activity patterns from conversations. Alternation of spontaneous speech between periods of high and low activity; Assessment of the interaction rhythms; Regularity in speech.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics