Aquino Jr., Benigno S.
July 1968
Foreign Affairs;Jul1968, Vol. 46 Issue 4, p770
This article explains the factors to which the Philippines' political instability is attributed. Fault, if it must be fixed, belongs not to any single man or people. It lies in the fabric of the society--and in what went into its making. Too many Filipinos are without purpose and without discipline. They profess love of country, but love themselves-- individually--more. The responsibility belongs also to those who came, conquered and ruled--to the U.S. as much as to Spain. For all the good they did, they are responsible for the worst in the Filipino. While bleeding them, they molded the Filipinos in their own images, Spain Hispanizing and the U.S. Americanizing the natives. Almost half a century of American rule bequeathed to the Asian Filipino a trauma by making him uncomfortably American in outlook, values and tastes. What was left was a people without soul. The Philippines today needs to make bold efforts to break away from the fetters of the past. She must review and revise her so-called special relationships with the U.S., taking into account the world as it is, and ceasing to live on the myths and heroics that so welded and so sustained her in the past. The Filipinos ask simply for dignity in their relations with the U.S. and equality with others in the American-led community of nations. They resent the fact that Japan, a former enemy, has obtained more from the U.S. than has the Philippines, and that Spain, a totalitarian state, has a more favorable military bases agreement with the U.S.


Related Articles

  • Non-Western Peoples as Filipinos: Mediating Notions of "Otherness" in Photographs from the National Geographic Magazine in the Early 20th Century. TATEL Jr., Carlos P. // Asian Anthropology (1683478X);2011, Vol. 10, p61 

    An essay that examines the photographic portrayal of non-Christian Filipinos in images published in "National Geographic Magazine" during the early 20th century is presented. it discusses how the magazine portrayed these individuals as the philosophical "Other," examines the role of photography...

  • Gov't advises Filipinos in Libya to leave immediately.  // Filipino Reporter;6/6/2014, Vol. 42 Issue 27, p28 

    The article reports that the Philippines government is urging Filipinos in Libya to avail of voluntary repatriation as it is set to deploy a team to the country in June 2014 to accommodate embassy employees in Tripoli, according to the Department of Foreign Affairs.

  • I'm a New Internationalist.  // New Internationalist;Jun2014, Issue 473, p6 

    A letter to the editor from a new reader is presented in response to the article "The Philippines Under Fire" in the March 1990 edition.

  • PHILIPPINE LITERATURE IN ENGLISH; TRADITION & CHANGE. Dimalanta, Ophelia A. // World Literature Today;Spring2000, Vol. 74 Issue 2, p313 

    The article focuses on the history of Philippine literature written in English and how the English language has impacted Philippine culture. The author discusses how Philippine writers became more westernized after World War II, explores the aspects of self-expression evident in Philippine...

  • Palace congratulates Fil-Am winners in U.S. polls.  // Filipino Reporter;11/9/2012, Vol. 40 Issue 49, p12 

    The article reports on the move by the Philippine government to congratulate the Filipino-Americans (Fil-Am) who won in the 2012 elections in the U.S.

  • Introduction. NOLASCO, Janus Isaac V. // Asian Studies: Journal of Critical Perspectives on Asia;2015, Vol. 51 Issue 2, piii 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various reports within the issue on topics including the impact of post-colonialism on the politics in the Philippines and mobilities of Filipinos, the migration of Filipino to Japan, and the employment of Filipinos in the U.S.

  • Education in the Philippines. De La Paz, Fabian A. // Education;Dec1908, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p239 

    The article discusses the history of education in the Philippines. It tackled the education system the Filipinos had from the Spaniards, Americans and Japanese. It states that during the Spanish regime, catechism is always included in the curriculum and education was formal and religious. It...

  • Have Filipinos Fulfilled "Stable Government" Requirement? Con.  // Congressional Digest;Apr24, Vol. 3 Issue 7, p236 

    Filipinos have been given a moral, if not a legal, promise of independence by the U.S. as to when a stable government exists. This indicates merely an extremely vague intention. Such wording of a serious promise transforms it into an absurdity. Can there reasonably be any other than a stable...

  • Military Bases, "Royalty Trips," and Imperial Modernities: Gendered and Racialized Labor in the Postcolonial Philippines. Gonzalez, Vernadette V. // Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies;2007, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p28 

    The article presents an ethnographic analysis of the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) in the Philippines. The author explores how the tourism industry in and around the CSEZ has replicated colonial social structures and discourses to address the needs of globalization. The gendered and...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics