Bloomfield, Lincoln P.
July 1966
Foreign Affairs;Jul1966, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p671
This article examines the role of peacekeeping forces to stimulate peace and reconciliation between nations of the world. In the ten years since the creation of the first United Nations (UN) Emergency Force, no better alternative to UN peacekeeping operations has been devised for avoiding escalation at two danger points: violent small-power quarrels, and internal disorders of the Congo or Cyprus variety which threaten to draw in powerful outsiders. Regional organizations may offer an alternative in the future, but for today, UN peacekeeping seems the most likely method of dealing with potential crises at such points as Kashmir, if a third round ensues; Rhodesia, Angola or Mozambique; South West Africa; Guyana; Aden and South Arabia; any one of a dozen African states that are far from being nations and may have chronic border disputes; or South Africa, where the potential for violence is unlimited. Though without any fundamental consensus on political values, and lacking the firm foundation of community agreement about law and order, the UN may once more be expected to act as if it were a form of government.


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