Noise Exposure Estimates of Urban MP3 Player Users

Levey, Sandra; Levey, Tania; Fligor, Brian J.
February 2011
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2011, Vol. 54 Issue 1, p263
Academic Journal
Purpose: To examine the sound level and duration of use of personal listening devices (PLDs) by 189 college students, ages 18-53 years, as they entered a New York City college campus, to determine whether noise exposure from PLDs was in excess of recommended exposure limits and what factors might influence exposure. Method: Free-field equivalent sound levels from PLD headphones were measured on a mannequin with a calibrated sound level meter. Participants reported demographic information, whether they had just come off the subway, the type of PLD and earphones used, and duration per day and days per week they used their PLDs. Results: Based on measured free-field equivalent sound levels from PLD headphones and the reported PLD use, per day 58.2% of participants exceeded 85 dB A-weighted 8-hr equivalent sound levels (LAeq), and per week 51.9% exceeded 85 dB A-weighted 40-hr equivalent continuous sound levels (LAwkn). Conclusions: The majority of PLD users exceeded recommended sound exposure limits, suggesting that they were at increased risk for noise-induced hearing loss. Analyses of the demographics of these participants and mode of transportation to campus failed to indicate any particular gender differences in PLD use or in mode of transportation influencing sound exposure.


Related Articles

  • Health.  // Youth Studies Australia;Autumn1992, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p10 

    Reports on a study showing the deterioration in hearing among young people in Australia due to excessive exposure to leisure noise.

  • 'Tuneless trumpets' Michael, Vivienne // Emergency Nurse;Sep2010, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p6 

    The author comments on the initiative of the charity Deafness Research UK to ban the tuneless trumpet vuvuzelas from football grounds as it can emit sounds in excess of 130 decibels which can cause irreversible hearing damage. The author urges football clubs to follow clubs that have banned...

  • Vulnerability to Acoustic Trauma in the Normal Hearing Ear With Contralateral Hearing Loss. Hyun Woo Lim; Ji Won Lee; Jong Woo Chung // Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology;Apr2014, Vol. 123 Issue 4, p286 

    Objectives: We undertook an animal study to investigate the functional and histological changes that occur in the normal hearing ear of following acoustic trauma. Methods: As an animal model of unilateral hearing loss, the right ears of CBA mice were deafened by cochlear destruction at 6 weeks...

  • Mean sound level in operation rooms in a referral hospital: a brief report. Joneidi Jafari, Ahmad; Sahebdel, Ebrahim; Hajipour, Asghar; Jafari Javid, Mihan; Mohammad Mireskandari, Seyed; Karvandian, Kasra; Jafarzadeh, Afshin; Samadi, Shahram // Tehran University Medical Journal;Feb2014, Vol. 71 Issue 11, p739 

    Background: Surgeons and anesthesiologists working in orthopedic operating theatres are exposed to significant noise pollution due to the use of powered instruments. This may carry a risk of noise-induced hearing loss. The present study was designed to quantify the noise pollution experienced by...

  • Some Observations on the Nature of the Audiometric 4000 Hz Notch: Data from 3430 Veterans. Wilson, Richard H. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Jan2011, Vol. 22 Issue 1, p23 

    Background: Pure-tone, air-conduction audiograms notched at 4000 Hz have long been considered the signature configuration for noise-induced hearing loss even though there is an extensive literature that does not mesh with this simple explanation. There are many reports of notched audiograms from...

  • Lost Hearing--on the Dance Floor.  // ASHA Leader;May2014, Vol. 19 Issue 5, p14 

    The article discusses research being done on the effect of excessive noise levels in nightclubs on hearing. It references a study by Oliver Johnson and colleagues published in the January 2014 issue of "The Journal of Laryngology & Otology." The study surveyed students from the University of...

  • Using the EPPM to Create and Evaluate the Effectiveness of Brochures to Reduce the Risk for Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in College Students. Kotowski, Michael; Smith, Sandi; Johnstone, Patti; Pritt, Erin // Conference Papers -- National Communication Association;2008, p1 

    The Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM) was employed to increase intentions to use hearing protection for college students. Brochures were designed to increase perceptions of the threat of hearing loss and the efficacy of hearing protection to avert hearing loss. Brochures were presented to...

  • Noise causes hearing loss. Pinette, Gilles // Alberta Sweetgrass;Dec2002, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p9 

    Presents questions and answers related to the effect of excessive noise on general hearing. Reasons to damage of basic structure of human ear; Symptoms for the identification of hearing loss; Ways to prevent hearing loss.

  • Construction and validation of questionnaire to assess recreational noise exposure in university students. Fuentes L√≥pez, Eduardo A.; Cardemil Morales, Felipe // Noise & Health;Jul/Aug2014, Vol. 16 Issue 72, p292 

    Recreational noise exposure and its impact on hearing is a problem to which increasing attention is being paid. In Spanish, it is necessary to have a reliable and valid instrument that is capable of describing the extent of noise exposure. The aim was to create and validate an instrument to...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics