January 1970
Foreign Affairs;Jan1970, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p312
The article examines the political and economic systems of Cuba under President Fidel Castro. That Cuba should pay her way in the world, as independent of the Soviet Union as of Spain or the United States, is for Castro an objective no less important than a bigger standard of living. To achieve either, and certainly to achieve both, requires the Cuban people an initial period of heavy sacrifice. Castro wants to get people out of the towns, partly because he believes that spiritual regeneration comes from working the soil, but also for the more practical reason that, after an abortive attempt to industrialize during the early years of the Revolution, agriculture is now recognized as the basis of the economy and needs to have labor more readily available. The last thing he wants, therefore, is to increase the attractions of the town. "More ruralism, less urbanism" is the slogan of Castro. It is a difficult slogan to put into effect but Castro insists on this.


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