TITLE

FORCE AND COUNTERFORCE IN EASTERN EUROPE

AUTHOR(S)
Billington, James H.
PUB. DATE
October 1968
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Oct68, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p26
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article examines the controlling forms of power conflict in Eastern Europe, and the underlying forces at work on the political process there. Since communist Eastern Europe is recognized by the West to be a Soviet sphere of influence and since Soviet physical power in the area remains overwhelming, one must look first to the U.S.S.R. to determine how long-quiescent client states on its borders, like Rumania and Czechoslovakia, were able to mount their remarkable recent moves toward independence. There are, of course, interesting parallels with the concurrent inability of the other superpower, the U.S., to translate preponderant physical power into effective political pressure. But there is a special series of problems that has arisen throughout communist Eastern Europe as a result of radical changes in the political position of the U.S.S.R. since the mid-fifties. Briefly the Soviet Union has moved from being the recognized leader of revolutionary forces in an essentially bipolar world to being a centrist and increasingly traditional great power in a world with many new power centers; and, at the same time, from one-man dictatorship within the U.S.S.R. and direct control over foreign communist clients to rule by committee at home and through consultative bodies abroad.
ACCESSION #
5803156

 

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