TITLE

The intersection between sex and drugs: a cross-sectional study among the spouses of injection drug users in Chennai, India

AUTHOR(S)
Solomon, Sunil S.; Srikrishnan, Aylur K.; Celentano, David D.; Johnson, Sethulakshmi C.; Vasudevan, Canjeevaram K.; Murugavel, Kailapuri G.; Anand, Santhanam; Kumar, M. Suresh; Solomon, Suniti; Mehta, Shruti H.
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: It is estimated that there are up to 1.1 million injection drug users (IDUs) in India; the majority are likely married. We characterize HIV, hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) prevalence and the risk environment of a sample of spouses of IDUs. Methods: A cohort of 1158 IDUs (99% male) was recruited in Chennai, India from 2005-06. A convenience sample of 400 spouses of the male IDUs in this cohort was recruited in 2009. A risk assessment questionnaire was administered and a blood sample collected. Logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with prevalent HIV. Results: Median age was 31 years; thirteen percent were widowed and 7% were not currently living with their spouse. Only 4 (1%) reported ever injecting drugs; Twenty-two percent and 25% reported ever using non-injection drugs and alcohol, respectively. The majority had one lifetime sexual partner and 37 (9%) reporting exchanging sex. Only 7% always used condoms with their regular partner. HIV, HBV and HCV prevalence were 2.5%, 3.8% and 0.5%, respectively; among spouses of HIV+ IDUs (n = 78), HIV prevalence was 10.3%. The strongest predictor of HIV was spousal HIV status (OR: 17.9; p < 0.001). Fifty-six percent of women had ever experienced intimate partner violence; Eight-six percent reported sexual violence. Conclusions: Our finding of a 10-fold higher HIV prevalence among spouses of IDUs compared with general population women indicates their vulnerability; prevalence is likely to increase given the context of low condom use and frequent sexual violence. Prevention efforts directed at IDUs should also include programs for spouses.
ACCESSION #
58027201

 

Related Articles

  • True Confessions: Jonesy.  // Gay Times (09506101);Oct2007, Issue 349, p220 

    The article discusses the author's experience when he drugged someone to have sex.

  • `I think we're in trouble'. Lewis, Gregg // Marriage Partnership;Summer92, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p36 

    Focuses on how rock guitarist Larry Howard and his wife Peggy saved their marriage through the renewal of faith in God. Drug problems during the early years of marriage; Larry's sudden interest in the Bible after a near-fatal accident; Effect on Peggy of Larry's renewed spiritual life;...

  • The Trading of Sex for Drugs or Money and HIV Seropositivity Among Female Intravenous Drug Users. Astemborski, Jacquie; Vlahov, David; Warren, Dora; Solomon, Liza; Nelson, Kenrad E. // American Journal of Public Health;Mar1994, Vol. 84 Issue 3, p382 

    Objectives. Data from 538 women in a cohort study recruited in 1988-1989 were analyzed to determine whether trading sex for drugs or money was independently associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence in a population of female intravenous drug users. Methods. The women were...

  • HOW PSYCHEDELICS INFORMED MY SEX LIFE AND SEX WORK. Sprinkle, Annie // Sexuality & Culture;Spring2003, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p59 

    Presents an article regarding the impact of psychoactive drugs on sex life. Description of the first psychedelic experience using lysergic acid diethylamide; Effect of mescaline usage on the first sexual experience; Lessons learned about the concept of sex from taking peyote buttons.

  • Fucking fucked up. Walberg, David // Xtra (Toronto);12/11/2003, Issue 499, p24 

    Discusses concerns over the prevalence of party drugs in gay sex environments in Canada. Mistakes in several studies on the growth of unsafe sex among gay men in the country; Correlations between drug use and unsafe sex; Implications of a series of seminars about sexual exploration for gay and...

  • Survey affirms: Drugs, alcohol, sex are linked.  // Contemporary Pediatrics;Mar2002, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p14 

    Confirms the connection between sexual activity and alcohol and drug abuse, according to a national survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation. Findings of the survey; Web site address of the foundation.

  • When sex, drugs, and violence enter the classroom: Conversations between adolescents and a female pedagogical agent Veletsianos, George; Scharber, Cassandra; Doering, Aaron // Interacting with Computers;May2008, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p292 

    Abstract: In this article, we investigate the discourse between a female conversational pedagogical agent and 59 adolescents in the context of a social studies lesson. We note that previous pedagogical agent research has focused on the positive effects of agents, while failing to take into...

  • PORN STAR TELLS: 'Jack was out of control'.  // NW;5/19/2003, Vol. 11 Issue 20, p18 

    Reveals the sex and drugs binge that landed Ozzy Osbourne's son Jack in a rehabilitation clinic. Comments from actress Jodie Moore about her observation of Jack Osbourne's behavior during the binge; Hospital where Jack Osbourne was admitted for rehabilitation.

  • SEX‚ DRUGS AND ROCK 'N' ROLL. Carlowe, Jo // Nursing Standard;5/9/2007, Vol. 21 Issue 35, p21 

    The article offers information about the study titled "An Overview of Child Wellbeing in Rich Countries," conducted by the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in Great Britain. The study revealed that most of the teenagers were involved in drinking, smoking and sex. Information about the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics