Emmerson, John K.
January 1969
Foreign Affairs;Jan1969, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p348
This article examines the foreign policy of Japan in the 1960s. The U.S. and Japan approach a changing relationship. Japan wants the continued nuclear guarantee of the U.S. but is restive at the protracted U.S. control of Okinawa and the irksome problems arising from U.S. military bases in Japan. The natural desire of a leading industrial nation for a more independent foreign policy, including what is vaguely expressed as autonomous defense, appears to be steadily growing. Meanwhile, the inconsistencies between the nuclear allergy and the facts that Japan plans to build its own nuclear-powered ship and that nuclear energy will undoubtedly become a chief source of Japan's electric power by the end of the century, are still lost on many Japanese. Another foreign policy issue is the creation of the Japanese Self Defense Forces (SDF). The purpose and role of the SDF are clearly set forth in the defense concept approved by the National Defense Council on November 29, 1966: The basis of its national defense is to prevent aggression before it actually occurs by maintaining a security structure with the U.S. and by maintaining an effective defense force by Japan herself. Although few would doubt that the defense strategy of Japan is directed against mainland China and the Soviet Union, the Japanese do not fear attack from either of these nations.


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