Matthews, Roy A.
January 1969
Foreign Affairs;Jan1969, Vol. 47 Issue 2, p334
This article assesses the position of Canada in the Atlantic community in 1968. The participation of Canada in the Atlantic community has two principal aspects: the political-strategic, and the economic. The former of these roles is expressed primarily through its military contribution to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The economic involvement, on the other hand, has not advanced so far toward a true community. However, in all the postwar discussion of measures to promote closer economic links between the Atlantic countries, the accent has been mainly on trade arrangements; and the framework within which such arrangements have to be made is the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). NATO and GATT are not as obviously relevant to the French-English situation within Canada. Nevertheless, their reference to the wider world, multilingual and multicultural, has given some promise of helping Canada to transcend parochial domestic squabbles. Another point which became obvious was the ineffectiveness of tariffs in fostering the development of an autonomous domestic industrial complex and thus strengthening Canada's independence of the U.S. The tariff also failed to prevent the rise in Canadian dependence on U.S. markets to its level of 60 percent of all export trade.


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