Montias, John Michael
January 1965
Foreign Affairs;Jan1965, Vol. 43 Issue 2, p331
The article discusses the spread of communism in Eastern Europe. By the end of the 1950s, it looked to the entire world as if Eastern Europe were safely back in the Communist fold. The events of 1956 had more profoundly altered the nature of Communist rule in Eastern Europe than was believed at the time. The Polish and Hungarian events of October and November 1956 exposed the dangers of halfhearted measures of liberalization. The same fateful year also witnessed the first initiatives of the Chinese Communists in East European affairs, starting with support for Polish and Hungarian independence in October and ending by appeals for international solidarity in December. China's potential interference in East Europe has caused the Soviet Union to exercise a good deal more restraint in its policy toward its erstwhile satellites than in the days of its unchallenged predominance. In the summer of 1958, the Soviets quietly withdrew their troops from Romania. The Soviets promptly moved to isolate Albania diplomatically and to harm her economically.


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