Legum, Colin
January 1965
Foreign Affairs;Jan1965, Vol. 43 Issue 2, p237
The article discusses the type of radicalism present in Africa. There are a number of African states where the violent overthrow of government is possible. There is little reason to suppose that this is what would happen if the present rebels in the Congo were successful. There are strong grounds for the view that conditions in Africa favor a revolutionary rather than an evolutionary process. Changes are likely to be abrupt, drastic and even violent. Africa's mood strongly favors radical changes, both internally and internationally. African independence is an instrument to destroy the badge of shame that has attached for so long to black people. The realities of post-colonial Africa favor intemperate rather than temperate attitudes. The approaching end of colonialism finds the continent Balkanized into a large number of small, poor and weak states. Pan-Africanism has grown rapidly as an emotional and practical response to these conditions and to the inequalities felt by black people. In Africa, the nation-state has preceded the formation of the nation.


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