TITLE

MARGINAL MEN

AUTHOR(S)
Grant, James P.
PUB. DATE
October 1971
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Oct71, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p112
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article discusses the problems facing peoples and governments alike with the increasing number of marginal men, people who have reached adulthood with no useful role to play in their societies, as of October 1971. The problem of marginal men is thus clearly of considerable importance to peoples and governments alike. Our Western concepts of work and the labor force do not apply in poor countries, and there are few adequate statistical or even descriptive surveys of conditions in these countries. But we do know that the problem is large already and rapidly becoming more urgent. What should be done about these problems? In most developing countries there is no clear answer. Planners, administrators and political leaders do not yet have more than the beginnings of a consensus on the way to provide enough productive jobs for their expanding labor forces. But there are sparks of hope, deriving from successful programs during the sixties. There are, however, several initiatives that developing countries could take in order to change the nature of their growth. First, in most developing economies, there remain serious and persistent imbalances in the prices attached to capital and labor even though there is far more labor than capital available. A second step for the developing countries relates to the use of technology. A third step for the developing countries is rural development. At best, the employment problem cannot be solved easily, and not fully until population growth is brought under control. Yet, with enough innovation, reform and increased effort, both within developing countries and between them and the rich nations, there are reasonable prospects of limiting the damaging effects of unemployment.
ACCESSION #
5800716

 

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