TITLE

THE INSTRUMENTS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY

AUTHOR(S)
Yost, Charles W.
PUB. DATE
October 1971
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Oct71, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p59
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article focuses on instruments U.S. presidents use for the conduct of foreign affairs, as of October 1971. Up until the 1930s the instrument was almost always the traditional one, the Secretary and Department of State, except in those not infrequent cases where a strong President, such as Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, chose to carry on a particular exercise in diplomacy himself, sometimes with the help of a personal adviser or emissary. Thus, for largely personal and accidental reasons, a precedent was set during the critical period of U.S. emergence as a superpower for bypassing the Secretary of State and the Foreign Service and for diffusing the conduct of foreign affairs at home and abroad among a wide and constantly changing complex of agencies. In so far as there is a system for the conduct of foreign affairs at the present time, which one would hesitate to assert categorically, it is centered not in the State Department but in the National Security Council. The logical alternative is the traditional one, a single agency charged by the President with full responsibility under his direction for the formulation of foreign policy and the administration of foreign affairs.
ACCESSION #
5800646

 

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