Hunter, Guy
July 1970
Foreign Affairs;Jul1970, Vol. 48 Issue 4, p712
This article discusses socio-political and economic issues related to Africa. The problems which would beset post-colonial Africa were hardly recognized as the continent emerged into congeries of independent states ten years ago. The economic problems derived from the dual economy created by colonialism, the small, largely Westernized "modern sector" of sophisticated production and consumption, versus the huge hinterland of somewhat disturbed rural life, tribalism and ancient cultural tradition. There seemed to be only a choice of emphasizing this dualism by further development of the modern sector through close economic relations with the West, or of trying to escape neo-colonialism by sacrificing economic growth. Apart from purely economic and ideological issues, the dual economy has posed a more profound problem for national integration, the synchronous development of economic, political, social and moral elements in the society. Certainly in Africa the leaders who succeeded in the first elections recognized the dangers, and their early years have been spent in constant appeals for national unity and condemnation of tribal and communal faction.


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