TITLE

SPAIN'S DISCREET DECOLONIZATION

AUTHOR(S)
Pélissier, René
PUB. DATE
April 1965
SOURCE
Foreign Affairs;Apr1965, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p519
SOURCE TYPE
Periodical
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This article explores the decolonization policy adopted by Spain toward its African territories. Perhaps because Spain has been anxious to avoid drawing world attention to its own domestic sphere, it has adopted a comparatively liberal policy toward its African territories. What is remarkable is that the policy is being carried out by a nationalistic and conservative military establishment, which is gradually accepting a partial withdrawal from Africa. To carry out this policy, the Spanish regime has chosen a subtle combination of economic generosity, deep-rooted paternalism and strict political vigilance, presented in a Catholic context and with historical references to suit the occasion. Many reasons may be advanced to explain the differences between Spanish and Portuguese policies in Africa. The most obvious may be that while Portugal's African provinces are together 22 times the size of the mother country, Spanish Africa, totaling 115,000 square miles but with only 472,000 inhabitants, is of very little importance to present-day Spain. It nevertheless is striking that at a time when the whole of Africa as either freed itself from colonial control or is in turbulence, the Spanish flag continues to fly quietly over a series of outposts from the Mediterranean to the Gulf of Guinea.
ACCESSION #
5800369

 

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