Stratton, James H.
April 1965
Foreign Affairs;Apr1965, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p513
This article focuses on the U.S. interest in the renegotiation of the 1903 Panama Canal Treaty. U.S. President Lyndon Johnson's announcement in December 1964, that the U.S. is prepared to renegotiate the 1903 Panama Canal Treaty has given encouragement to the efforts of the Panama government to find a basis for reconciling the differences between the two countries and has stiffened its determination to control the dissidents who have been planning further demonstrations of the kind that led to the fiag-raising incident and riots of January 1964. The president's expressed interest in sea-level canal routes in Colombia and in Costa Rica-Nicaragua, as well as in two possible routes in Panama, conveys the impression that they are fully competitive. Bargaining, if it should come to that, would seem to revolve around the factors of construction cost, the sharing of toll receipts and the managerial and administrative arrangements for the control of the canal and its operation. Other problems that must be resolved are the question of defense and the right of unrestricted passage of U.S. military forces through the new canal at all times. One of the basic decisions to be made is whether the new canal is to be dug by nuclear of conventional methods.


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