TITLE

Repetition of suicide attempts across episodes of severe depression Behavioural sensitisation found in suicide group but not in controls

AUTHOR(S)
Brådvik, Louise; Berglund, Mats
PUB. DATE
January 2011
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Those who die by suicide and suffer from depression are known to have made more suicide attempts during their life-span as compared to other people with depression. A behavioural sensitisation or kindling model has been proposed for suicidal behaviour, in accordance with a sensitisation model of depressive episodes. The aim of the present study was to test such a model by investigating the distribution of initial and repeated suicide attempts across the depressive episodes in suicides and controls with a unipolar severe depression. Method: A blind record evaluation was performed of 80 suicide victims and controls admitted to the Department of Psychiatry between 1956 and 1969 and monitored to 2010. The occurrence of initial and repeated suicide attempts by order of the depressive episodes was compared for suicides and controls. Results: The risk of a first suicide attempt decreased throughout the later episodes of depression in both the suicide group (p < .000) and control group (p < .000). The frequencies of repetition early in the course were actually higher in the control group (p < .007). After that, the risk decreased in the control group, while the frequencies remained proportional in the suicide group. At the same time, there was a significantly greater decreased risk of repeated attempts during later episodes in the control group as compared to the suicide group (p < .000). The differences were found despite a similar number of episodes in suicides and controls. Conclusion: Repeated suicide attempts in the later episodes of depression appear to be a risk factor for suicide in severe depression. This finding is compatible with a behavioural sensitisation of attempts across the depressive episodes, which seemed to be independent of a corresponding kindling of depression.
ACCESSION #
57996290

 

Related Articles

  • Tedium. depression, and suicidal preoccupation. Lester, David // Psychological Reports;Oct93, Vol. 73 Issue 2, p622 

    Explores the relationship of tedium to depression and suicidal preoccupation. Administration of a measure of tedium to a sample of college students; Association of tedium scores with depression inventory scores; Matching of students with previous suicide attempts with nonsuicidal students for...

  • Laurie Taylor. Taylor, Laurie // New Statesman;12/05/97, Vol. 126 Issue 4363, p75 

    Focuses on the author's experience concerning his friend's bout with suicidal depression. Accident suffered by the friend of the author.

  • State and trait depression and suicidality. Lester, David // Psychological Reports;Aug99, Vol. 85 Issue 1, p162 

    Explore whether state of trait measures of depression were more strongly associated with suicidal ideation by administering a current depression and depressive personality measure test on a group of students. Results indicating that current depression predicts current suicidal ideation while...

  • Emotional control, depression and suicidality. Diggs, Karen Ann; Lester, David // Psychological Reports;Dec96 Part 1, Vol. 79 Issue 3, p774 

    Explores whether control over emotions is associated with depression and suicidality. Administration of questionnaire to female nurses and college students; Association between emotional expressiveness and depression.

  • Levetiracetam.  // Reactions Weekly;Nov2014, Vol. 1527 Issue 1, p136 

    The article presents the case of a patient, who developed depression and suicidal ideation after treatment with levetiracetam.

  • Psychopathology and Epilepsy: Is It the Chicken or the Egg?  // Epilepsy Currents;Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 6 Issue 5, p147 

    The article comments on a research which assessed depression and attempted suicide as risk factors for incident unprovoked seizures and epilepsy. The research argues that major depression contributed to the development of epilepsy. It also concluded that attempted suicide improve the risk for...

  • Suicidal ideation in the Finnish general population. A 12-month follow-up study. Hintikka, J.; Pesonen, T.; Saarinen, P.; Tanskanen, A.; Lehtonen, J.; Viinam�ki, H. // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;2001, Vol. 36 Issue 12, p590 

    Background The epidemiology of suicidal ideation has remained a relatively unstudied area. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence, prevalence and persistence of and recovery from suicidal ideation in a sample of the Finnish general population. Methods Postal questionnaires...

  • What keeps depressed patients from committing suicide? Pinkowish, Mary Desmond // Patient Care;9/30/2000, Vol. 34 Issue 18, p17 

    Presents an analysis and commentary of a report by K.M. Malone and colleagues, which dealt with protective factors against suicidal acts in major depression. Presentation of findings in a 2000 issue of 'American Journal of Psychiatry'; Essential part of suicide risk determination; Treatment of...

  • The Use of Suicidal Motives in the Psychotherapy Attempted Suicides. Kovacs, Maria; Beck, Aaron T.; Weissman, Arlene // American Journal of Psychotherapy;Jul1975, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p363 

    Categorizes a suicide patient's suicide attempts and its relation to levels of hopelessness and depression. Discussion of findings in the light of the psychotherapy of suicidal individuals; View of patients that life was not worth living; Link of hopelessness to seriousness of suicide attempt;...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics