TITLE

A Comparison of Craniocervical and Cervicothoracic Muscle Strength in Healthy Individuals

AUTHOR(S)
Van Wyk, Luke; Jull, Gwendolen; Vicenzino, Bill; Greaves, Mathew; O'Leary, Shaun
PUB. DATE
November 2010
SOURCE
Journal of Applied Biomechanics;Nov2010, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p400
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to compare maximal torque exerted about the craniocervical (CC) and cervicothoracic (CT) axes in the sagittal plane using a novel dynamometry device. Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) recordings in newton-meters (N-m) were measured in 20 males and 20 females for each of 4 tests: CT extension, CT flexion, CC extension, CC flexion. Twenty of the volunteers repeated the testing procedure on a second occasion to determine the test-retest repeatability of the measures. MVC recordings at the CT axis (extension, 30.24 ± 12.15 N-m; flexion, 18.90 ± 8.21 N-m) were 1.4-2 times greater than recordings at the CC axis (extension, 16.46 ± 7.26 N-m; flexion, 13.34 ± 5.97 N-m). Extensor to flexor strength ratios reduced from 1.75 at the CT axis to 1.24 at the CC axis, but were similar for both males and females. Good to excellent test-retest repeatability was demonstrated for all tests (ICC = 0.75-0.99, SEM = 0.50-2.44 N-m). Consistent with differences in the muscle morphology at the CC and CT axes, torque exerted about these axes differ. Separate measurement of torque about these axes potentially offers a more comprehensive profile of cervical muscle strength.
ACCESSION #
57986368

 

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