TITLE

Polar diffraction gratings made by spatially periodic photopoling Langmuir–Blodgett films

AUTHOR(S)
Blinov, L. M.; Palto, S. P.; Yudin, S. G.; De Santo, M. P.; Cipparrone, G.; Mazzulla, A.; Barberi, R.
PUB. DATE
January 2002
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;1/7/2002, Vol. 80 Issue 1, p16
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Polar diffraction gratings have been prepared by spatially periodic photopoling Langmuir-Blodgett films consisting of azobenzene compounds. The gratings were made by film irradiation with two left circularly polarized Ar-ion laser beams under strong electric field from a corona discharge. Therefore, simultaneously with the spatial modulation of the linear refractive index, the local polar order of the film becomes periodically modulated (through symmetry, the latter is related to the modulation of second-order optical nonlinearity X[sup (2)]). The local polarity is shown by an electrostatic force microscopy technique: an image of the polar grating is recorded without any trace of periodicity in the film topography.
ACCESSION #
5792106

 

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