Characteristics associated with organic food consumption during pregnancy; data from a large cohort of pregnant women in Norway

Torjusen, Hanne; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Haugen, Margaretha; Lieblein, Geir; Stigum, Hein; Roos, Gun; Holmboe-Ottesen, Gerd; Meltzer, Helle Margrete
January 2010
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p775
Academic Journal
Background: Little is known about the use of organic food during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics associated with the use of organic food among pregnant women participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Methods: The present study includes 63,561 women who during the years 2002-2007 answered two questionnaires, a general health questionnaire at gestational week 15 and a food frequency questionnaire at weeks 17-22. We used linear binomial regression with frequent versus rare use of organic food as outcome variable and characteristics of the respondent as independent variables. The outcome variable was derived from self-reported frequency of organic food use in six main food groups (milk/dairy, bread/cereal, eggs, vegetables, fruit and meat). Results: Organic eggs and vegetables were the food items which were most frequently reported to be used "often" or "mostly". The proportion of women reporting frequent intake of organic food was 9.1% (n = 5754). This group included more women in the lower (<25 years) and higher (>40 years) age-groups, with normal or low body mass index, who were vegetarians, exercised regularly (3+times weekly), consumed alcohol and smoked cigarettes during pregnancy (p < 0.001 for all, except alcohol: p=0.044). Further, participants with frequent organic consumption included more women in the lower (=12 years) or higher (17 years +) category of educational attainment, women who were students or had a partner being a student, who belonged to the lowest household income group (both respondent and her partner earned <300 000 NOK), who entered the study 2005-2007, and who lived in an urban area (p < 0.001 for all). Conclusions: The socio-economic characteristics of pregnant Norwegian women with frequent organic consumption did not unambiguously follow those typically associated with better health, such as higher levels of education and income. Rather, lower household income, and both lowest and highest levels of education were associated with a higher prevalence of frequent organic consumption. The results indicate that personal and socioeconomic characteristics are important covariates and need to be included in future studies of potential health outcomes related to organic food consumption during pregnancy.


Related Articles

  • Children's Diets More Healthful Than Those of Parents.  // Education Week;12/8/1982, Vol. 2 Issue 13, p3 

    The article reports on the results of a study on the daily consumption of 12 nutrients conducted by Alta Engstrom and Rosemary C. Tobelmann, researchers from General Mills Inc. According to the study, eating habits of children were more adequate than teenagers or adults. It also showed that...

  • Postprandial Administration of Intranasal Insulin Intensifies Satiety and Reduces Intake of Palatable Snacks in Women. Hallschmid, Manfred; Higgs, Suzanne; Thienel, Matthias; Ott, Volker; Lehnert, Hendrik // Diabetes;Apr2012, Vol. 61 Issue 4, p782 

    The role of brain insulin signaling in the control of food intake in humans has not been thoroughly defined. We hypothesized that the hormone contributes to the postprandial regulation of appetite for palatable food, and assessed the effects on appetite and snack intake of postprandial versus...

  • Letter from the Editor. Muthusamy, Anand // Penn Bioethics Journal;2012, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p4 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various reports within the issue on topics including the Belmont Report guidelines for conducting biomedical research, parent-child relationship in genetic enhancement, and surrogate motherhood.

  • State of the Journal: 1998. Kotelchuck, Milton // Maternal & Child Health Journal;Mar1998, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p1 

    Outlines the issues included in the March 1998 issue of the journal "Maternal and Child Health Journal." Discussion of health service research initiatives; Assessment of the implications of innovative service programs; Consideration of program evaluation manuscripts.

  • Socioeconomic risk, parenting during the preschool years and child health age 6 years. Belsky, Jay; Bell, Brian; Bradley, Robert H.; Stallard, Nigel; Stewart-Brown, Sarah Lynette // European Journal of Public Health;Oct2007, Vol. 17 Issue 5, p508 

    Background: Parent-child relationships and parenting processes are emerging as potential life course determinants of health. Parenting is socially patterned and could be one of the factors responsible for the negative effects of social inequalities on health, both in childhood and adulthood....

  • Am I allowed? New AIMS book says "Yes, you are"  // AIMS Journal;2003, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p22 

    Presents the booklet "Am I Allowed?," by Beverley Lawrence Beech published by the Association for Improvements in the Maternity Services in Great Britain. Concerns of women about childbirth answered by the booklet; Right of women to decide for herself; Options and rights of parents through all...

  • Recognizing if You Have Binge Eating Disorder.  // Tennessee Tribune;11/20/2014, Vol. 25 Issue 47, p1B 

    The article discusses the nature, causes, signs and treatment options of binge eating disorder, wherein a person consumes a large amount of food within two hours and does it often.

  • Self-regulation prevails (for now). Joppen, Lucien // Food Engineering & Ingredients;Sep2005, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p26 

    The article highlights the benefits of self-regulation to enhance healthy lifestyle in the consumption of food and drink products citing the role of parents in influencing their children's healthy living. Apparently, parents must be involved in regulating the effects of food advertising and...

  • Maternal risk factors associated with increased dioxin concentrations in breast milk in a hot spot of dioxin contamination in Vietnam. Nguyen Thi Nguyet Anh; Muneko Nishijo; Pham The Tai; Shoko Maruzeni; Yuko Morikawa; Tran Hai Anh; Hoang Van Luong; Pham Minh Dam; Hideaki Nakagawa; Le Ke Son; Hisao Nishijo // Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology;Sep/Oct2014, Vol. 24 Issue 5, p489 

    This study looked to identify determinants of exposure to dioxin in breast milk from breast-feeding women in a hot spot of dioxin exposure in Vietnam. Breast milk was collected from 140 mothers 1 month after delivery. The risk factors investigated included length of residency, drinking of well...


Other Topics