Is Processing Speed Related to Severity of Language Impairment?

Lahey, Margaret; Edwards, Jan; Munson, Benjamin
December 2001
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2001, Vol. 44 Issue 6, p1354
Academic Journal
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) typically respond more slowly on many tasks than do their typically developing peers. This paper addresses the question of whether speed of response is linearly related to severity of language impairment as measured by standardized test score. To address this question, we performed post hoc analyses of data from a study on lexical processing involving 66 children with SLI (mean age 6 years 9 months) and 66 typically developing children matched for age and nonverbal IQ. Response times derived from a series of tasks were correlated with language test scores. None of the Pearson correlations reached significance when corrected for number of correlations run, nor did a canonical correlation analysis reach significance. If these results are replicated in other studies, then they suggest that there is no direct linear relation between speed of processing and severity of language impairment as it is estimated from scores on standardized tests of language.


Related Articles

  • An Investigation of Speech Perception in Children With Specific Language Impairment on a Continuum of Formant Transition Duration. Burlingame, Elizabeth; Sussman, Harvey M.; Gillam, Ronald B.; Hay, Jessica F. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2005, Vol. 48 Issue 4, p805 

    Fifteen children diagnosed with specific language impairment (SLI) and 15 typically developing (TD) children were tested for identification performance on 2 synthetic speech continua varying in formant transition durations (FTDs). One continuum varied from /ba/ to /wa/, and the other varied from...

  • Auditory-Visual Integration for Speech by Children With and Without Specific Language Impairment. Norrix, Linda W.; Plante, Elena; Vance, Rebecca; Boliek, Carol A. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2007, Vol. 50 Issue 6, p1639 

    Purpose: It has long been known that children with specific language impairment (SLI) can demonstrate difficulty with auditory speech perception. However, speech perception can also involve the integration of both auditory and visual articulatory information. Method: Fifty-six preschool...

  • Parent Perceptions of Communication Behaviors at Formally Assessed Stage Transitions in Young Children at Risk for Being Nonspeaking. Matthews-Somerville, Rochelle C.; Cress, Cynthia J. // Communication Disorders Quarterly;Spring2005, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p164 

    The authors compared parent-perceived communication behaviors for formally assessed stages longitudinally for 42 infants at risk for being nonspeaking. They compared perceived communication behaviors at assessed transitions to communicative stages (intentional behavior, intentional...

  • Review asks for your contributions. Bercow, John // Learning Disability Today;Nov2007, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p6 

    The section invites parents, and health and education professionals to contribute views on specialist provision for children and young people with language, speech and communications needs.

  • SLI What We Know and Why It Matters. Ervin, Margaret // ASHA Leader;6/26/2001, Vol. 6 Issue 12, p4 

    Focuses on speech language impairment (SLI). Characteristics of children with SLI; Facts about SLI; Changes in the definition and terms used for SLI.

  • The Slingerland Tests: Reliability and Validity. Fulmer, Susanne; Fulmer, Robert // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Dec1983, Vol. 16 Issue 10 

    Analyzes the accuracy of the Pre-Reading Screening Procedures and the Slingerland Screening Tests used for testing language disability in children. Indications that reliability and validity coefficients are well within acceptable limits for the purposes of the tests; Reliability of the tests to...

  • Naming Errors of Children With Specific Language Impairment. Lahey, Margaret; Edwards, Jan // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb1999, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p195 

    Explores why children with specific language impairment (SLI) are less accurate than peers in naming pictures. Methods; Results; Discussion.

  • Morphological Productivity in Children With Normal Language and SLI: A Study of the English Past Tense. Marchman, Virginia A.; Wulfeck, Beverly; Weismer, Susan Ellis // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb1999, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p206 

    Explores the mistakes made by school-age children with specific language impairment (SLI) in using the English past tense. Methods; Results; Discussion.

  • Do grommets prevent language delay? Sudhakar-Krishnan, Vidya; Rudolf, Mary // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Sep2002, Vol. 87 Issue 3, p260 

    Presents a case study on the effect of ventilation tubes on language development. Insufficiency in the use of the language development as an outcome measure; Risks of anaesthesia and cost-benefit analysis of grommet insertion; Role of mothers in the language development of children.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics