TITLE

Vocal Development of 9-Month-Old Babies With Cleft Palate

AUTHOR(S)
Chapman, Kathy L.; Hardin-Jones, Mary; Schulte, Julie; Halter, Kelli Ann
PUB. DATE
December 2001
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2001, Vol. 44 Issue 6, p1268
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study compared the prelinguistic vocal development of 9-month-old babies with unrepaired cleft palate (n = 30) and age-matched peers (n = 15). Samples of the babies' spontaneous vocalizations were obtained while they interacted with their primary caregiver during play. The groups were compared on a number of variables including (a) canonical babbling ratios, (b) percentage of babies who reached the canonical babbling stage by 9 months, (c) syllable and segmental aspects of babbling, and (d) vocal frequency. Results indicated that the babies with cleft palate had smaller canonical babbling ratios than their age-matched peers, with just 57% of the babies with cleft palate reaching the canonical babbling stage by 9 months compared to 93% of the noncleft babies. Although syllable types and length were similar for the two groups, differences were noted for consonant characteristics. The babies with cleft palate had smaller consonant inventories, with fewer stops, glides, and velars noted. Glottals occurred more frequently in the vocalizations of the babies with cleft palate. Finally, no statistically significant difference was noted in the number of vocalizations produced by the two groups. Some possible explanations for why babies with cleft palate are delayed in babbling are explored.
ACCESSION #
5772457

 

Related Articles

  • Cleft palate delay.  // GP: General Practitioner;3/10/2006, p23 

    This article reports on the data released in Great Britain, which shows that nearly three in 10 infants born with cleft palate are not diagnosed within 24 hours of birth. Out of 344 cleft palate patients, 28 per cent of patients were not diagnosed within the first day, with soft palate and...

  • Robin sequence. Olney, Ann Haskins; Kolodziej, Peg // ENT: Ear, Nose & Throat Journal;Sep1997, Vol. 76 Issue 9, p620 

    Provides information on Robin sequence, a condition that involves a deformities of the soft palate. Techniques utilized to minimize airway obstruction; Etiology of Robin sequence.

  • Genetic aspects of early childhood stuttering. Ambrose, Nicoline Grinag; Yairi, Ehud // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Aug93, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p701 

    Quantifies the frequency of stuttering in relatives of pre-school-age children who stutter and who were first seen close to the onset of the disorder. Proportion of probands with a positive family history; Examination of familial incidence of stuttering; Segregation analyses.

  • Temporal dynamics of repetitions during the early stage of childhood stuttering: An acoustic study. Nierman, Rebecca; Yairi, Ehud // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Oct94, Vol. 37 Issue 5, p1067 

    Discusses an acoustic study on temporal dynamics of repetitions during the early stage of childhood stuttering. Comparison of the duration characteristics of single-syllable whole-word repetitions and part-word repetitions; Identification of displaced episodes; Overall tendency for repetitions...

  • The stuttering child: A guide.  // Nutrition Health Review: The Consumer's Medical Journal;Spring90, Issue 54, p9 

    Focuses on child stuttering, a fluency irregularity that children experience in early speech development. Factors which cause stuttering in children; Benefits of positive verbal responses; Tips on how to encourage fluent speech development; Effect of ignoring stuttering in children.

  • Language production abilities of children whose stuttering persisted or recovered. Watkins, Ruth V.; Yairi, Ehud // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr1997, Vol. 40 Issue 2, p385 

    Evaluates the language production capabilities of young children whose stuttering persisted or recovered. Language proficiency; Indices of production obtained from spontaneous language samples; Suggestion that examination of individual patterns of performance is necessary in clarifying the...

  • Stuttering. Pellman, Harry // Pediatrics for Parents;1997, Vol. 17 Issue 7, p4 

    Provides information about the speech disorder affecting children referred to as stuttering. Ways of speech impairment; Predisposing factors; Highest incidence of disfluency in preschool age children; Tips to help parents take care of children with disfluency.

  • Help with stuttering: What parents can do.  // Reading Today;Aug/Sep96, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p17 

    Offers nationwide referral list of speech-language pathologists who specialized in stuttering as well as brochure entitled `If You Think Your Child Is Stuttering,' from the Stuttering Foundation.

  • Hard palate deformation in an animal model following quasi-static loading to stimulate that of orthodontic anchorage implants. Gedrange, T.; K√∂bel, C.; Harzer, W. // European Journal of Orthodontics;Aug2001, Vol. 23 Issue 4 

    The aim of the present investigation was to identify adequate implant treatment for young patients. In an animal model palate deformation was investigated by acute quasi-static loading. Three series of tests (with newborn, young and adult pigs) were performed, each with two groups (one or...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics