TITLE

Pharmacist interventions to enhance blood pressure control and adherence to antihypertensive therapy: Review and meta-analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Morgado, Manuel P.; Morgado, Sandra R.; Mendes, Liliana C.; Pereira, Luisa J.; Castelo-Branco, Miguel
PUB. DATE
February 2011
SOURCE
American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy;2/1/2011, Vol. 68 Issue 3, p241
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose. Pharmacist interventions to enhance blood pressure (BP) control and adherence to antihypertensive therapy in adults with essential hypertension were reviewed. Methods. A literature search was conducted to identify relevant articles describing pharmacist interventions intended to improve adherence to antihypertensive medications. Studies were included if they described a pharmacist intervention to improve medication adherence and analyzed adherence to therapy and BP control as outcomes. A fixed-effects model was used to combine data from randomized controlled trials. Results. A total of 15 studies were identified, testing 16 different interventions and containing data on 3280 enrolled patients. Although 87.5% of the interventions resulted in significant improvements in treatment outcomes, only 43.8% of the interventions were associated with significant increases in medication adherence. All interventions that increased antihypertensive medication adherence also significantly reduced BP. Almost all the interventions that were effective in increasing adherence to medication were complex, including combinations of different strategies. Metaanalysis of 2619 patients in 8 studies found that pharmacist interventions significantly reduced systolic blood pressure (SBP) (p < 0.001) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (p = 0.002) and that the meta-analytic differences in SBP and DBP changes from baseline to endpoint in intervention and control groups were -4.9 ± 0.9 mm Hg (p < 0.001) and -2.6 ± 0.9 mm Hg (p < 0.001), respectively. Conclusion. A literature review and metaanalysis showed that pharmacist interventions can significantly improve medication adherence, SBP, DBP, and BP control in patients with essential hypertension. Interventions were complex and multifaceted and included medication management in all analyzed studies.
ACCESSION #
57657655

 

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