TITLE

İdrar Yolu Enfeksiyonlu Çocuklardan İzole Edilen Bakterilerin Antibiyotik Duyarlılıkları

AUTHOR(S)
Salduz, Zeynep İrem Yüksel; Yiğit, Özgül
PUB. DATE
December 2010
SOURCE
Journal of Pediatric Infection / Cocuk Enfeksiyon Dergisi;Dec2010, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p138
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: In this study we aimed to determine the causative agents and their antibiotic susceptibility in children with urinary tract infection. Material and Methods: Urine cultures and antibiotic suspectibility testings were evaluated retrospectively in children diagnosed with urinary tract infection between September 2006 and August 2007. Results: In total, positive urine cultures of 166 female and 31 male patients were analysed. Results were classifıed by paediatric age groups; Group 1, 1-24 months; group 2, 2-14 years. The most common causative agent was Escherichia coli (E. coli) (84.8% of cases) followed by Enterobacter spp. (6.1% of cases). Antibiotic resistance were detected for E. coli as 71.3% to ampicillin, 52.7% to trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole, 37.1% to ampicillin-sulbactam, 23.4% to amoxicillin-clavulanat, 7% to cefuroximeaxetil, 6% to cefotaxim, 6% to ceftriaxone, 5.5% to cefixim, 12% to ciprofloxacin, 5.4% to gentamycine and amikacin has no resistance. It was found that resistance to empirically and frequently used trimetoprim- sulphametoxasol and ampicillin was high. Conclusion: This state of affairs indicates the significance and necessity of performing antibiogram in the treatment of urinary infections in children, and suggests that, in cases where it is necessary to initiate empirical treatment, it is not appropriate to select trimetoprim-sulphametoxasol and Ampicillin. According to this study, it seems that in oral empirical treatment, primarily second-generation cephalosporins and secondarily penicillin type antibiotics that are resistant to beta lactamase are the appropriate alternatives.
ACCESSION #
57385869

 

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