TITLE

Laboratory capacity building for the International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]) in resource-poor countries: the experience of the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET)

AUTHOR(S)
Masanza, Monica Musenero; Nqobile, Ndlovu; Mukanga, David; Gitta, Sheba Nakacubo
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;Jan2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 10, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Laboratory is one of the core capacities that countries must develop for the implementation of the International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]) since laboratory services play a major role in all the key processes of detection, assessment, response, notification, and monitoring of events. While developed countries easily adapt their well-organized routine laboratory services, resource-limited countries need considerable capacity building as many gaps still exist. In this paper, we discuss some of the efforts made by the African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET) in supporting laboratory capacity development in the Africa region. The efforts range from promoting graduate level training programs to building advanced technical, managerial and leadership skills to in-service short course training for peripheral laboratory staff . A number of specific projects focus on external quality assurance, basic laboratory information systems, strengthening laboratory management towards accreditation, equipment calibration, harmonization of training materials, networking and provision of pre-packaged laboratory kits to support outbreak investigation. Available evidence indicates a positive effect of these efforts on laboratory capacity in the region. However, many opportunities exist, especially to support the roll-out of these projects as well as attending to some additional critical areas such as biosafety and biosecuity. We conclude that AFENET's approach of strengthening national and sub-national systems provide a model that could be adopted in resource-limited settings such as sub-Saharan Africa.
ACCESSION #
57234113

 

Related Articles

  • Biosafety and biosecurity as essential pillars of international health security and cross-cutting elements of biological nonproliferation. Bakanidze, Lela; Imnadze, Paata; Perkins, Dana // BMC Public Health;Jan2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 10, p1 

    The critical aspects of biosafety, biosecurity, and biocontainment have been in the spotlight in recent years. There have also been increased international efforts to improve awareness of modern practices and concerns with regard to the safe pursuit of life sciences research, and to optimize...

  • Assessment of core capacities for the International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]) - Uganda, 2009. Wamala, Joseph F.; Okot, Charles; Makumbi, Issa; Natseri, Nasan; Kisakye, Annet; Nanyunja2,, Miriam; Bakamutumaho, Barnabas; Lutwama, Julius J.; Sreedharan, Rajesh; Jun Xing; Gaturuku, Peter; Aisu, Thomas; Da Silveira, Fernando; Chungong, Stella // BMC Public Health;Jan2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 10, p1 

    Background Uganda is currently implementing the International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]) within the context of Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR). The IHR(2005) require countries to assess the ability of their national structures, capacities, and resources to meet the...

  • ASM LabCap's contributions to disease surveillance and the International Health Regulations (2005). Specter, Steven; Schuermann, Lily; Hakiruwizera, Celestin; Keita Sow, Mah-Séré // BMC Public Health;Jan2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 10, p1 

    The revised International Health Regulations [IHR(2005)], which requires the Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) to develop core capacities to detect, assess, report, and respond to public health threats, is bringing new challenges for national and international surveillance...

  • Capacity-building efforts by the AFHSC-GEIS program. Sanchez, Jose L.; Johns, Matthew C.; Burke, Ronald L.; Vest, Kelly G.; Fukuda, Mark M.; In-Kyu Yoon; Lon, Chanthap; Quintana, Miguel; Schnabel, David C.; Pimentel, Guillermo; Mansour, Moustafa; Tobias, Steven; Montgomery, Joel M.; Gray, Gregory C.; Saylors, Karen; Ndip, Lucy M.; Lewis, Sheri; Blair, Patrick J.; Sjoberg, Paul A.; Kuschner, Robert A. // BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 2, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 2, p1 

    Capacity-building initiatives related to public health are defined as developing laboratory infrastructure, strengthening host-country disease surveillance initiatives, transferring technical expertise and training personnel. These initiatives represented a major piece of the Armed Forces Health...

  • INTERNATIONAL HEALTH REGULATIONS.  // Weekly Epidemiological Record;9/15/2006, Vol. 81 Issue 37, p356 

    A table is presented that lists notifications of cholera in Ghana, Guinea, and Liberia in Africa, which were received from September 8 to 14, 2006 by the International Health Regulations.

  • INTERNATIONAL HEALTH REGULATIONS.  // Weekly Epidemiological Record;6/23/2006, Vol. 81 Issue 25, p248 

    The article presents a format for the notifications of diseases received from 16 to 22 June 2006 of the International Health Regulations.

  • WHO Statement on the Meeting of the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee Concerning the International Sp.  // African Business News;5/5/2014, p17 

    The article offers information on the teleconference of the Emergency Committee convened by the Director-General of the World Health Organization under the International Health Regulations held on April 28, 2014 and on April 29, 2014 in Geneva, Switzerland. It notes the meeting of the members of...

  • MERS still not international health emergency, continued surveillance necessary.  // Infectious Diseases in Children;Oct2013, Vol. 26 Issue 10, p27 

    The article reports that the Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus is not a public health emergency of international concern after the third meeting of the International Health Regulations' Emergency Committee convened by World Health Organization (WHO).

  • Information and communication technology in disease surveillance, India: a case study. Kant, Lalit; Krishnan, Sampath K. // BMC Public Health;Jan2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 10, p1 

    India has made appreciable progress and continues to demonstrate a strong commitment for establishing and operating a disease surveillance programme responsive to the requirements of the International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]). Within five years of its launch, India has effectively used...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics