TITLE

Global health security and the International Health Regulations

AUTHOR(S)
Andrus, Jon Kim; Aguilera, Ximena; Oliva, Otavio; Aldighieri, Sylvain
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;Jan2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 10, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Global nuclear proliferation, bioterrorism, and emerging infections have challenged national capacities to achieve and maintain global security. Over the last century, emerging infectious disease threats resulted in the development of the preliminary versions of the International Health Regulations (IHR) of the World Health Organization (WHO). The current IHR(2005) contain major differences compared to earlier versions, including: substantial shifts from containment at the border to containment at the source of the event; shifts from a rather small disease list (smallpox, plague, cholera, and yellow fever) required to be reported, to all public health threats; and shifts from preset measures to tailored responses with more flexibility to deal with the local situations on the ground. The new IHR(2005) call for accountability. They also call for strengthened national capacity for surveillance and control; prevention, alert, and response to international public health emergencies beyond the traditional short list of required reporting; global partnership and collaboration; and human rights, obligations, accountability, and procedures of monitoring. Under these evolved regulations, as well as other measures, such as the Revolving Fund for vaccine procurement of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), global health security could be maintained in the response to urban yellow fever in Paraguay in 2008 and the influenza (H1N1) pandemic of 2009-2010.
ACCESSION #
57234107

 

Related Articles

  • CDC, WHO investigating unique swine influenza A infection, number of reported cases on the rise. Blazek, Nicole; Zacharyczuk, Colleen // Infectious Diseases in Children;May2009, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p9 

    The article reports on the collaboration between officials with the World Health Organization's (WHO) Emergency Committee of International Health Regulations and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to learn more about a unique strain of swine influenza A(H1N1) that has...

  • The 0.5 Pandemic. Hall, Stephen S. // New York;10/12/2009, Vol. 42 Issue 33, p30 

    The article examines the H1N1 influenza pandemic in New York City in 2009. Swine flu originated in pigs and research suggests that the strain has a complicated and exotic history. The Saint Francis Preparatory School has been called the epicenter of H1N1 in the city by local media due to the...

  • Influenza A(H1N1) 2009 virus: current situation and post-pandemic recommendations.  // Weekly Epidemiological Record;2/18/2011, Vol. 86 Issue 8, p61 

    The article focuses on the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations to address influenza A (H1N1) virus during the post-pandemic period. It stresses the significance of vaccination to protect against pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus and other seasonal influenza strains. It also...

  • A growing global network's role in outbreak response: AFHSC-GEIS 2008-2009. Johns, Matthew C.; Burke, Ronald L.; Vest, Kelly G.; Fukuda, Mark; Pavlin, Julie A.; Shrestha, Sanjaya K.; Schnabel, David C.; Tobias, Steven; Tjaden, Jeffrey A.; Montgomery, Joel M.; Faix, Dennis J.; Duffy, Mark R.; Cooper, Michael J.; Sanchez, Jose L.; Blazes, David L. // BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 2, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 2, p1 

    A cornerstone of effective disease surveillance programs comprises the early identification of infectious threats and the subsequent rapid response to prevent further spread. Effectively identifying, tracking and responding to these threats is often difficult and requires international...

  • Population Factors Affecting Initial Diffusion Patterns of H1N1. Lai, Poh-Chin; Chow, Chun Bong; Wong, Ho Ting; Kwong, Kim Hung; Kwan, Yat Wah; Liu, Shao Haei; Tong, Wah Kun; Cheung, Wai Keung; Wong, Wing Leung // Population Health Management;Dec2014, Vol. 17 Issue 6, p390 

    The article discusses the impact of population on the initial pattern of the diffusion of H1N1 influenza. Topics include the simulation models suggested for the emulation of disease surveillance, the application of spatial statistics and geographic information systems for the visualization of...

  • Changes in severity of 2009 pandemic A/H1N1 influenza in England: a Bayesian evidence synthesis. Presanis, A. M.; Pebody, R. G.; Paterson, B. J.; Tom, B. D. M.; Birrell, P. J.; Charlett, A.; Lipsitch, M.; De Angelis, D. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (Overseas & Retired Doctors Edition;9/24/2011, Vol. 343 Issue 7824, p628 

    The article offers information on a study related to pandemic A/H1N1 influenza in England. The study provides a complete overview of severity of the influenza in England. Case severity ratios were highest in children and older adults and were higher in the second wave of influenza. Possible...

  • The challenges of global case reporting during pandemic A(H1N1) 2009. Williams, Stephanie; Fitzner, Julia; Merianos, Angela; Mounts, Anthony // Bulletin of the World Health Organization;Jan2014, Vol. 92 Issue 1, p60 

    During the 2009 A(H1N1) influenza pandemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) asked all Member States to provide case-based data on at least the first 100 laboratory-confirmed influenza cases to generate an early understanding of the pandemic and provide appropriate guidance to affected...

  • Pre- and Postpandemic Estimates of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) Seroprotection to Inform Surveillance-Based Incidence, by Age, During the 2013–2014 Epidemic in Canada. Skowronski, Danuta M.; Chambers, Catharine; Sabaiduc, Suzana; Janjua, Naveed Z.; Li, Guiyun; Petric, Martin; Krajden, Mel; Purych, Dale; Li, Yan; De Serres, Gaston // Journal of Infectious Diseases;Jan2015, Vol. 211 Issue 1, p109 

    To understand the epidemic resurgence of influenza due to the 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) strain (A[H1N1]pdm09) during the 2013–2014 influenza season, we compared age-related cross-sectional estimates of seroprotection before the pandemic (during 2009) and after the pandemic (during...

  • Epidemiological summary of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus -- Ontario, Canada, June 2009.  // Weekly Epidemiological Record;11/20/2009, Vol. 84 Issue 47, p485 

    The article offers information on the epidemiology of initial cases of the pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus in Ontario. It mentions the importance of studying early course of the virus for developing public health policies on prevention, identification, and treatment of infection with the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics